Wind energy is not only an abundant source of energy, it is also an inexhaustible source of clean electricity, common among the world’s top 10 wind farms.
Wind energy is the most important source of renewable energy in many countries of the world, led by the United States, helping to reduce dependence on fossil fuels that pollute the environment.
The world’s wind power has seen a definite boom over the past two decades, with many developed and less developed countries alike embracing green energy sources and increasing the share of clean, low-cost electricity generation, moving away from fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal – as part of their efforts to achieve carbon neutrality goals. .
The United States accounts for half of the world’s largest wind farms, while the United Kingdom, India and China are classified as major powers in wind energy production, according to information obtained by a specialized energy platform.
Demand for renewable energy is currently at its peak, and more than 350,000 wind turbines are distributed around the world, according to statistics published on the specialized Ronergy website, making wind energy one of the most popular renewable energy sources.
Monitors the siteDiscover clean technologyThe world’s 10 largest wind farms – onshore and offshore – are as follows:
Ziguan Wind Power Plant (China)
Jiguan, also known as Gansu Wind Farm, tops the list of the world’s 10 largest wind farms, with a planned capacity of 20 GW.
The farm, which is still under construction, will have 7,000 turbines distributed across Jiguan city in China’s Gansu province, Inner Mongolia region, Hebei, Xinjiang, Jiangsu and Shandong provinces.
The project is implemented under the Renewable Energy Law, first introduced by Beijing in February (2005), which aims to install 200 GW of wind power in the world’s most populous country.
In November (2010), Chinese authorities completed the construction of the first phase of the farm with 3,500 turbines with a capacity of 5.16 GW.
In the year before last (2021), the Jiguan wind farm reached a capacity of 10GW and is scheduled to reach its full capacity of 20GW upon completion.
Dagger Bank (UK)
Dogger Bank is second in the list of 10 largest wind farms in the world that are still under construction.
The 3-level Dagger Bank Offshore Farm is located off the North East coast of Britain.
When it becomes operational in 2026, DoggerBank will be the world’s largest offshore wind farm with a capacity of 1.2 GW per phase.
In total, the farms house 277 Haliad-X turbines, which are manufactured by the American company General Electric and are among the most powerful offshore wind turbines in the world.
The Dogger Bank wind farm will have a capacity of 3.6GW, equivalent to 5% of the UK’s total electricity capacity, and will power 6 million homes.
Norwegian energy company Equinor and SSE Renewables are conducting scoping work to explore other options for building the fourth phase of the project, Togar Bank D, which will add 1.32 GW of capacity to the farm’s original capacity.
Jaisalmer Wind Park (India)
With a capacity of 1,600 MW, the Jaisalmer Wind Farm is the largest wind farm in India.
Jaisalmer Wind Park, ranked third in the list of 10 largest wind farms in the world, consists of several offshore wind farms located in the Jaisalmer district of the Indian state of Rajasthan.
The farms were developed by wind turbine manufacturer Suzlan Energy and became operational in August (2001).
Suslun Energy developed these wind turbines specifically for a range of consumers including public and private sector companies, independent power producers and electricity utility providers.
The company’s client list includes giants like oil conglomerate Hindustan Petroleum Corporation.
Wind Prime (USA)
In January (2022), MidAmerican Energy, a subsidiary of Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Energy Services Group, proposed a $4 billion project called “Wind Power” at the Utilities Authority in Iowa.
The project includes wind and solar power plants and will generate 2042 MW of electricity from wind power in addition to an additional 50 MW of solar power capacity.
If approved, the project could see the light of day in late 2024 and become the largest wind farm in the US to date.
Alta Wind Energy Center (USA)
Owned by Terra-General Power, the Alta Wind Center ranks as the world’s third-largest offshore wind farm, fifth on the list of the world’s 10 largest wind farms, but is currently the largest in the United States, with an installed capacity of 1,548 megawatts. .
The Alta Wind Energy Center is located in the town of Tehazabi, specifically in the Tehazabi Mountains in California, and has 600 turbines, all of which carry the American giant General Electric brand.
The first phase of the wind farm was completed in April 2011.
Hornsey 2 (United Kingdom)
Among the world’s 10 largest wind farms, Hornsey II stands out as a fully operational offshore wind farm with a capacity of 1.3 GW in the summer of last year (2022).
Hornsea II consists of 165 wind turbines, all of the popular Siemens Camsaw brand, and is located 89 km off the east Yorkshire coast in the United Kingdom.
Hornsey Farm 2 sits next to its sister farm Hornsey 1 and they can power 2.5 million homes.
The Hornsea 3 wind farm is expected to cover an area of more than 2,000 square kilometers in the North Sea off Hornsea.
According to Oersted, the Danish energy company behind the project, the turbine blades are 81 meters long.
“Wind turbine blades are capable of providing 24 hours of electricity to the average household in the UK,” the company noted.
Mopandal Wind Farm (India)
Mopandal wind farm joins the list of 10 largest wind farms in the world, with a capacity of 1,500 MW, the largest in India, and several wind farms in the Kanyakumari district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
As for the developer of the Mopandal wind farm, it is the Tamil Nadu Renewable Energy Development Corporation and the farm has wind turbines of various local brands.
Turbine capacity varies from 200 kW to 1650 kW.
The farm came into actual operation in 1986 after realizing that many of the turbines used on the farm had passed their useful life and it was now being discussed how to remove them or replace them with others.
McIntyre Campus (Australia)
Eighth on the list of the world’s 10 largest wind farms is the McIntyre complex, which, when completed in 2024, will become Australia’s largest wind farm, with a total capacity of 1026 MW.
The McIntyre wind farm, operated by Axvena Energia, comprises two subsidiary wind farms: McIntyre and Carrara.
The wind farms will use 180 Nordex Delta 4000 turbines with a capacity of 5.7 MW, the latest generation of turbines manufactured by the German company Nordex Group.
These turbines are enough to power 700,000 homes and help avoid around 3 million tons of carbon emissions annually.
9. Changhua Wind Farms 1 and 2a (Taiwan)
Ranked 9th in the list of the world’s 10 largest wind farms are Changhua 1 and 2a Grand, a series of offshore wind farms being built 35-60 kilometers off the west coast of Taiwan with a total combined capacity of 900 MW. The first offshore wind farm of its kind in an Asian country.
By August (2022), the wind farm is fully operational and capable of supplying one million homes with clean electricity.
London Arie Offshore Wind Farm (UK)
The “London Array” or “London Array” held the title of the world’s largest offshore wind farm before its compatriot “Hornsey 2”, with a total capacity of 630 MW, ranked last on the list. Among the 10 largest wind farms in the world.
London is located at the mouth of the River Thames, 10 kilometers from the coast of Ary, Kent and Essex.
The wind farm was officially opened in July 2013 and is owned by Denmark’s Dong Energy, Germany’s E.ON and UAE’s Masdar.
Construction of the farm first started in March (2011), at a total cost of 3 billion pounds (about 5 billion dollars).
London Arie installed its last turbine in December (2013).
The farm has 175 wind turbines with a capacity of 3.6 MW, all manufactured by Siemens, and these turbines rise to a height of 87 meters above sea level.
Each turbine has a rotating diameter of 120 metres, and the wind farm has enough electricity to power two-thirds of the homes in Kent.
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