Nineteen countries, including the United States and Canada, pledged to suspend funding for fossil energy sources in Glasgow on Thursday.
The 19 people who signed the pledge aim to end their non-affiliate funding programs overseas by the end of 2022.
On the other hand, a scientific study released on Thursday on the sidelines of the World Climate Conference “COP26” found that global carbon dioxide emissions in 2021 were higher than those recorded in the pre-crisis period of “Govit-19”. The epidemic caused the economic stagnation.Globally, this led to a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
“Investment in fossil energy projects is not linked to carbon sequestration systems, without the negative effects on social and economic risks and government revenues, local employment, taxpayers and health,” says the joint statement of the 19 countries participating in the conference. Climate in Glasgow, UK under the auspices of the United Nations. Public “.
The initiative to achieve this report was led by Britain, whose signatories pledged to “suspend any new direct official financial assistance to the international non-carbon fossil fuel sector by the end of 2022”.
Presenting the initiative, British Commerce Secretary Greg Hands said, “Reducing international funding for all fossil fuel projects is the next important frontier to be respected in order to achieve the 1.5 ° C target.” Paris Climate Agreement to control global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial conditions.
A study by the Global Carbon Project, an international consortium of scientists studying global carbon “budgets,” shows that total global carbon dioxide emissions in 2021 will be 0.8% lower than in 2019.
He said emissions from coal use in 2021 will be higher than before the epidemic, but lower than the record levels recorded in 2014.
According to the study, emissions from natural gas use will reach a record high in 2021.
Due to the Govt-19 epidemic, most countries in the world have imposed restrictions on movement and covered many sectors of the economy primarily based on fossil fuels, which led to a sharp drop of 5.4% in total greenhouse gas emissions by 2020.
In 2021, according to the study, emissions are expected to increase by 4.9% to less than 1% from the record level recorded in 2019.
Countries are under pressure to do more to control climate change on the one hand, to protect people from natural disasters on the other, to control global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, and to insist that one-tenth of a degree be calculated.
As the 13-day COP26 climate summit draws to a close, the United States has criticized China and Russia for not taking the fight against global warming seriously.
China, the world’s largest emitter by 2007, expects to reach 31% of its emissions by 2021, accounting for almost a third of the emissions it produces. The whole world.
According to a study published in the journal “Earth System Science Data”, carbon pollution from oil is likely to rise as the transport and aviation sectors recover from the Govt epidemic.
The results of the report suggest that future carbon dioxide emissions may exceed the record highs recorded in 2019, reaching 40 million tonnes.
These figures are in line with the International Energy Agency’s forecasts that energy emissions will reach unprecedented levels in 2023.
“Maybe we’ll start talking about peak emissions in 2023 and 2024,” said Glenn Peters, research director at the International Center for Climate Research in Oslo, who co-authored the report.
The report found that pre-covit methods have returned to the four largest carbon emitters in the world, producing 60% of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions.
In China, economic growth driven by government incentives will increase emissions by 5.5% this year than in 2019, with emissions projected to peak “before” 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060.
Peters noted that “the recovery in China is strong” and that “it appears that China is once again heading for a strong growth phase.”
India’s emissions are expected to increase during the post-epidemic economic recovery period of 2021, which will exceed the 2019 level, while emissions in the US and EU will fall by 3.7% and 4.2%, respectively, and their share in global emissions will remain the same. 14% and 17%.
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