In his recent interview with the American newspaper, The Atlantic, HRH Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman touched on the issue of religious reform in Saudi Arabia with frankness and courage that no leader of the state before him had embraced. ..
An interview is not for quick browsing, but worth stopping, contemplating and contemplating…
The Saudi state, since its inception, has been based on the concept of religious reform, but this religious reform is built on major foundations, the most important of which are of course the religious legitimacy of the regime, religious identification with the culture and values of society, and the separation of powers in order to give the judiciary and the fatwa their independent reference within the criteria for organizing the religious field.
One of the fundamentals of the division in the Islamic world between extremist Muslims and the rest of the Muslims is the hadith… The frequent hadiths do not exceed a hundred hadiths, and on the other hand there are thousands of hadiths that have not been proven and that were a means to justify the many crimes and injustices that befell the people through al-Qaeda, ISIS and the religious merchants who were loitering Between us…
In his interview, His Highness the Emir explained that what is concerned with religious legitimacy is the circle of definitives that triumph in the revealed Qur’anic text and the frequent hadiths that are undoubtedly attributable to the Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, with reference to the authentic hadiths that must be presented to the certain sources that are undoubtedly clear. Although this position is consistent with the position of Sunni scholars of all ages, it was obliterated in recent decades in which closed ideas that reject all interpretation and ijtihad have prevailed. One of the repercussions of this position is the openness to all doctrines of Islam and the exploitation of the wide area of difference in the sciences of Sharia instead of being closed to individual rulings for which we claim infallibility when they are just limited jurisprudence from which we can be taken and replied. The majority of Sunnis are of the view that the hadiths of Sundays, although they are authentic, do not benefit knowledge because they are speculative, if they are taken to work in matters of worship. As for including them in matters of belief and taking them as a means to impose specific rulings and interpretations outside the general context of the purposes of Sharia, there is no justification for it. Thus, the state’s systems resolved many controversial issues in favor of openness and modernization without departing from the general legitimacy of religion, as happened recently in issues of music, entertainment, family rulings…etc.
As for the culture of society, in every country it is the subject of the law and its reference, and it is not imagined in any country that laws and regulations deviate from the standards and values of the culture of society. Therefore, it was natural for the state sponsoring the Two Holy Mosques, whose people consist of a bloc that completely devote to Islam, the requirements of the Sharia and considers it a supreme reference that there is no way to deviate from. But it is necessary to distinguish between a balanced culture of society that is adapted to life and civic life, and ideological and extremist movements that want to impose a strict and violent interpretation of Islam that contradicts the culture of society, such as the Muslim Brotherhood and radical Salafi conflicts. To lead to the explosion of society from the inside by eliminating its culture, which is the basis of coexistence between its members and the basis of dealing and interaction with others.
The separation of powers is one of the constants of the Saudi state today, the state that preserved the independence of the judiciary and granted the authorities in charge of issuing fatwas full powers. The state has the authority to appoint, not the authority to manage and control these areas, as indicated by His Highness the Emir in his aforementioned interview. This approach is the basis of modern political systems that cannot be reduced to a single form, namely, Western liberal democracy, which has a known history and a specific social context.
To ensure justice and the rule of law, the emir said, respecting the principle of separation of powers, i.e. between the government implementation department and the system and judiciary department, and achieving the requirement for consultation and participation, which have been achieved in our political system and demonstrated their practical successes that are commensurate with the nature of our society and its cultural and civil structure.
Long live the king for science and the country…
according to “Motherland“
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