The Earth’s inner layers and how they rotate and interact affect some geophysical observations at the surface, including changes in the length of the day and the Earth’s magnetic field. Can scientists monitor its rotation rate?
1/27/2023–|Last update: 1/27/202310:47 AM (Makkah)
In the mid-nineties of the last century, scientists found evidence However, the Earth’s inner core – that iron ball that is very hot and slightly smaller in size than the Moon – rotates at a special rate, slightly faster than the Earth’s rotation.
Is that study A recent report published in Nature Geoscience on January 23 stated that the rotation rate of the Earth’s inner core has slowed since 2009 until it coincided with the rotation of the surface for some time, and is now lagging behind in the rate of rotation of the surface.
Earth’s inner and outer core
About 3,000 miles (4,828 km) below Earth’s surface, a hot ball of solid iron (the inner core) floats inside a liquid outer core (the outer core).
And according for the press release In Nature Asia, the liquid outer core separates the inner core from the rest of the Earth, enabling the inner core to rotate differently than the Earth itself.
Earth’s inner core affects some fundamental aspects of our planet, including the length of the day and fluctuations in the Earth’s magnetic field.
Geologists also believe that the energy emitted from the inner core causes the liquid in the outer core to move, generating electric currents that in turn cause a magnetic field that surrounds the planet and protects living organisms on the surface from the most harmful cosmic radiation.
Seismic waves offer the solution
The magnetic field generated in the outer core affects the rotation of the inner core, but the speed and pace of rotation of the Earth’s inner core has been the subject of scientific discussion for years.
And according for the research brief Published in the journal Nature Geoscience, earthquakes can generate waves strong enough to penetrate the inner core, and thus can provide valuable information about the structure of the inner core, as an extension of the length of paths that these seismic waves can travel to.
So scientists at Peking University analyzed variations of seismic waves that have passed through Earth’s inner core since the 1960s.
Scientists discovered that seismic wave trajectories have shown little change since 2009, in contrast to what they showed in past years, which indicate large temporal discrepancies, which indicates that the rotation of the inner core may have stopped temporarily since 2009.
Reflection in the direction of rotation
However, this slowdown was not the first of its kind in the modern era. Indeed, the Earth’s inner core experienced a similar slowdown in the early 1970s.
Scientists believe that this latest slowdown in the inner core is related to a spin reversal, as the solid iron ball slides in the opposite direction as part of a 7-decade-long oscillation.
They also concluded that this fluctuation in the rotation of the Earth’s inner core – in conjunction with the cyclical changes in the Earth’s surface system – can explain the interactions between the different layers of the Earth.
The authors suggest that this difference is related to changes in geophysical observations on the Earth’s surface, such as the magnetic field and the length of the day.
“Proud twitter enthusiast. Introvert. Hardcore alcohol junkie. Lifelong food specialist. Internet guru.”
From Earth to Space | Son of Deira
Asylum seekers in the UK: ‘It feels like we are in a prison’
NASA’s Radical Propulsion Concept Could Reach Interstellar Space Within 5 Years: Science Alert