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V ostění rakve biskupa Pedera Winstrupa se našel malý balíček se smutným obsahem

A seventeenth century bishop was buried with a human embryo. Scientists finally find out why

In funeral ceremonies, it does not appear to be different from the funerals of respected ecclesiastical dignitaries. It wasn’t until about 350 years later that people realized that something special was actually there.

In the lining of the coffin under the inner liner, almost below the bishop calves, a small body of a human fetus was found, which appeared to have been spontaneously aborted or dead in the fifth or sixth month of pregnancy at the latest. Scientists discovered it in 2012, when it was decided to move the coffin, giving archaeologists the opportunity to study the bishop’s remains.

The archaeological mystery

Finding a fetus buried in a grave, along with the remains of a woman usually considered a mother, is not unusual in archeology. The deceased children were also buried in Lund Cathedral, because its crypt was used as a temporary storage for the remains in some historical periods.

But a baby embryo in the coffin of a bishop? A respectable church man and peasant died at the age of a respectable 74? The fruit of the fruit is hidden in the inner lining of the coffin, as if it was stored there in a secret, perhaps in a hurry? These were some of the mysteries that archaeologists have had no answer to.

“It was not uncommon for the bodies of deceased children to be placed in coffins with adults. The fetus could rest there after the funeral, because the bishop’s coffin was not buried in the ground but remained in a vaulted crypt at Lund Cathedral and thus was accessible.” He explains. Science alert Archaeologist Torbjorn Ahlstrom of Lund.

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But he also immediately adds the mystery: “General storage of the coffin is one thing, but hiding the fetus in the bishop’s coffin directly under its body is quite another. It made us wonder if there was anything between the child and the bishop. Relationship.”

DNA provided the answer

So the archaeological and anthropological team took samples from the remaining remaining ones and did the complete genetic sequence of the extracted DNA.

He finally got the answer. About a quarter of the genes in both samples are identical. This indicates a secondary relationship between the two people, such as the relationship between an uncle and a nephew, or between half-siblings with a common parent, or between cousins ​​- or, most likely due to the age of the bishop, between the grandfather and the grandson.

This hypothesis is also supported by chromosomal clues. Winstrup and the fetus did not have the same mitochondrial DNA inherited from the mother’s side, so the fetal mother did not have Winstrup’s daughter. However, both bodies share the same Y chromosome, which is only inherited from the father. This indicates that the child’s father was the son of Weinstrup.

The bishop had a son from his first marriage (in the seventeenth century, Protestantism at the head of Northern Europe was under the control of Sweden, which completely replaced Catholicism there and did not forbid the marriage of priests).

Peder Pedersen Winstrup Jr. According to historical records at Leiden University in the Netherlands, where he dealt with the issue of fortifications. At least in 1679, he married a young noble woman named Dorothea Spary, who had brought the dowry to her late father.

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But in 1680, Winstrup Jr. lost these possessions as a result of the so-called Great Depreciation, as the nobles’ lands fell into the hands of the Swedish Crown. According to survivors, he spent the rest of his life alone and abandoned, and fathered no son; The male lineage of the Winstrup family died with him in the early 18th century.

I hope he is among his own after death

A seemingly premature stillbirth was part of the sad story of a man hoping for his heir, and when he did not see it as a result of this unfortunate event, he apparently hid it in his father’s coffin as a symbol that he was the last heir to the heir. The Winstrups were leaving with his grandfather.

“Given the results of DNA analysis and the genealogy available so far, it appears that the son’s son is the only person through whom the second degree of kinship after Bishop Pedro Weinstrope can be transmitted to the fetus via the paternal line. Perhaps the fetus should have become him,” the researchers said. In the article that published the magazine ” Journal of Archaeological Sciences: Reports.

“It is possible that the relatives of the deceased had access to the cellar where the family’s coffins were stored, and thus could store the fetus in one of the coffins, in this case the Peder Winstrup.”

Maybe someone wanted a child who hadn’t had the opportunity to live his life with his family, at least after his death.

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