The UK Health Protection Agency (UKHSA) has announced that two cases of bird flu have been detected in two poultry workers in the country.
Two injuries are believed to have been caused by contact with sick birds [بالفيروس] In a poultry farm, the injured duo had been working recently.
Avian influenza, or bird flu, is rarely transmitted from birds to humans, and the United Kingdom has seen it only a handful of times, describing it as “rare”.
The first recorded case in the population was detected by nasal swabs. Experts suggest that the worker may have contracted the virus by breathing air contaminated with the virus.
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What is bird flu?
According to Britain’s National Health Service (NHS), bird flu is a contagious type of flu that spreads among our feathered friends, but rarely affects humans.
There are several known strains of bird flu, but most do not affect people.
As for the strains that can infect humans, they are not easily successful, although some cases and deaths associated with bird flu infections have been recorded.
How does the virus spread to humans?
Avian influenza is transmitted from birds to humans through close contact with an infected bird, whether the birds are dead or alive. It is spread through bodily fluids such as feces, saliva, and nasal droplets.
Humans can become infected by touching an infected bird, its droppings, its nest, or the process of preparing its meat for consumption.
According to the National Health Service, being in places like poultry markets in areas where the disease is endemic can increase your risk of contracting bird flu.
But, on the other hand, according to the NHS, you won’t get infected if you eat fully cooked meat or eggs from an infected bird.
Bird flu spreads between humans and how?
Although it is not easy for bird flu to spread from one person to another, such cases have been recorded in the past. Like regular seasonal flu, the avian influenza virus is spread through close personal contact because the virus is carried in airborne droplets.
In a statement to The Independent, Peter Horby, Professor of Emerging Infectious Diseases and Director of the Center for Epidemiology at the University of Oxford, said: “Most unusual bird flu viruses do not adapt well to humans, so we have found In most cases they are sporadic, it is called, without spreading the infection, only the first case occurs.
“Then you might want to keep an eye on this person’s close contacts [الحالة الأولى] closely. But, often, no other infections occur. We have to watch these things very carefully, because sometimes you get a zoonotic virus that’s human-adapted or adaptive, and then it threatens to create a pandemic.”
What are the symptoms of bird flu for people?
Symptoms of bird flu are similar to those of other types of flu. According to the National Health Service, these symptoms include:
- High body temperature, heat or shivering.
- muscle pain;
- After infection, symptoms may take three to five days to appear.
If you are at risk for avian influenza, some of the early symptoms of infection include:
- Diarrhea and nausea.
- Abdominal pain.
- Conjunctivitis [تسبب احمراراً وحكة وتورماً في العين].
- chest pain
- Bleeding nose and/or gums.
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