The Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center announced the selection of Saleh Al Ameri instead of Abdullah Al Hammadi, to begin today the first Emirati mission to simulate life in space, within the “Sirius 21” program, where he was chosen based on the results of final medical examinations, and the mission will continue for 8 months in an environment completely isolated from the outside world. It is carried out for 8 months in the ground experimental complex at the Institute of Medical and Biological Research at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, with the participation of simulation pioneers from America and Russia.
Space simulation missions are pivotal experiments that lay the foundations for designing and implementing future space missions, while drawing a road map for exploring Mars and other planets. Countermeasures help humans confront the dangers we may face in space as well as test new technologies.
This simulation includes a series of tests that are conducted before any space missions, whether manned or otherwise, to develop similar scenarios for future missions to space, as these programs share physical similarities with the nature of real missions, and the tests vary to include space technology used, and human isolation And communication with the ground station, and space experiments, as well as experiments to understand the harsh conditions in space, while this provides us with a deep insight into the conditions that can be exposed, and prepare and collect information that may be useful in future space explorations.
The Emirates Space Simulation Project (No. 1) is part of the international scientific research at the unique ground station “Sirius 21”, which is a simulation mission of up to 8 months, which will be conducted in the ground experimental complex at the Institute of Medical and Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, and the project represents part of the effort to understand the physical and psychological effects when we live in isolated conditions, and the impact this has on our bodies and on other people in an enclosed space.
The global crew members belong to the United States of America, Russia and the UAE, where they will be in complete isolation, while they will be assigned certain tasks that they must perform, without any contact with the outside world, in a way that simulates long space flights completely, while the program develops stages and scenarios Different from a manned mission to the Moon, these stages include launch, orbit travel as well as landing and return to Earth.
The joint scientific research project, which is being carried out in cooperation between NASA and the Biological Research Institute in Russia “SIRIUS”, simulates the conditions of a long-term manned space mission in order to study the biological and psychological problems that humans may be exposed to due to isolation in a confined space environment.
The program of this project was designed for a period of up to 5 years, while two phases of the program have been completed so far, the first phase included “Sirius 17”, and it was for a period of 17 days, during the period 7-24 November 2017, and the second phase “Sirius 19”, took 120 days. It took place between March 19 and July 17, 2019, while the third phase, “Sirius 21”, begins today, November 4, and extends for 240 days. Sirius 22/23” during 2022 and for a period of 12 months.
The project simulates the long-term conditions of complete isolation for a diverse crew of 6, including the participation of women, and the crew consists of the following specialists: a crew leader, a flight engineer, a flight surgeon, and three researchers. The activities of the crew during the experiment are based on the main provisions of the Code Professional ethics for cosmonauts of the Russian Federation, code of conduct for the crew of the International Space Station.
The final main crew of the mission consists of the Russian Oleg Blinov, the team leader, the American Ashley Kowalsky, the flight engineer, the Emirati Saleh Omar Al-Amiri as a researcher, the Russian Ekaterina Kariyakina as a researcher, the Russian Victoria Kirishenko, the flight surgeon, and the American William Brown as a researcher. Vera Bekhtereva, Evgeny Prokopyev, Alexei Fedorov, American Brian Evarts and Etiana Delaney, as well as Emirati Abdullah Al Hammadi.
The six astronauts will conduct space simulations, the “core team”, 71 research and experiments during the duration of the mission, including 5 Emirati experiments from 4 universities in the country, covering the fields of physiology, psychology and biology, and including research from the Mohammed bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, focusing on Effects of prolonged exposure to a simulated space environment on cardiovascular variability and cardiac interactions.
At the same time, the research topic, selected from the University of Sharjah, proposes a study to determine the effects of stress from confinement and isolation on the circulatory and skeletal muscle functions of crew members during the task of measuring clinical, genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic indicators.
Other topics selected for the mission include research presented by the American University of Sharjah on stress relief in isolation and confined environment, while the United Arab Emirates University proposed research on the psychological challenges of isolation during human spaceflight: the role of motivational mechanisms and intermittent and intense training as a countermeasure to prevent bone density loss. and insulin resistance in the space environment.
Russia and America
The quality of Russian, American and international experiments includes psychological and physiological psychological research, with 24 Russian and international research, 5 research from the human research program of the American Space Agency “NASA”, physiological research by 24 from Russia, and one research from America, and with regard to immune studies research, it was 3 Russian and 1 American research, as well as 5 Russian metabolic, biochemical and biological research, 1 Russian research on telemedicine experiments, and 6 Russian research on health and microbiological studies “microorganisms”.
The mission’s scientific objectives include conducting tests on available experimental tools, and preparing to work aboard the International Space Station in isolation conditions inside a sealed body, where the crew works in a sealed body simulating a spacecraft, with the aim of evaluating the effect of isolation on psychological and physical condition and mental and physical performance, as well as On the main physiological systems of the human body, ensuring control of the health status of the test subjects, in accordance with environmental standards and sanitary conditions of isolation.
The objectives also include creating an integrated database of scientific data obtained during the implementation of the project, testing mechanisms for the establishment and work of international cooperation teams responsible for identifying and solving scientific problems for future lunar missions, in addition to evaluating the efficiency of the isolation model compared to a real space mission according to the state of physiological systems. The different aspects of the body, gaining experience in the areas of implementation and the scientific and organizational bases for the experiments of a diverse crew in the long-term conditions of isolation in the future.
The ground-based experimental complex at the Institute of Medical and Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow contains unique facilities for conducting typical studies of spaceflights of different periods of more than 500 days. Up to 10 crew members.
The rooms of the experimental complex consist of autonomous life support systems controlled by an executive system, which constitutes a habitat that operates according to specified parameters, including the ventilation system, air conditioning, air purification, gas analysis and support for certain conditions of pressure, temperature, humidity and gas composition, as well as the water supply, And sewage, electricity, electric lighting, video surveillance, and fire extinguishing systems, while some other features are available, such as the provision of housing units of varying sizes, day-night cycles and innovative working conditions for research according to the requests of those in charge of the tests, while the experiment and all the systems of the “Research Institute” are controlled. medical and biological,” and crew monitoring and environmental standards, from the program’s Experiment Control Center.
The Emirates space simulation project “Mission No. 1” is a pivotal step towards the “Mars 2117” program, which aims to build a human settlement on Mars by the year 2117, while the research and results that the project produces will add new insights that benefit the global scientific community, as well as Its catalytic role is to develop new technologies for future missions targeting other destinations in space, and the project is an indication of the rapid progress of the National Space Program, and contributes to supporting global efforts to solve the urgent challenges facing humanity, while the Mars 2117 program is funded by the Information and Communications Technology Fund of the Authority Regulating communications and digital government.
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