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محللة بريطانية: معضلتان أمام بريطانيا وأوروبا بعد سقوط كابول

British Analyst: Two embarrassments for Britain and Europe after the fall of Kabul

11:37 am

Thursday 19 August 2021

London- (DPA):

The rapid fall of the Taliban in Afghanistan has caused a lot of controversy in this event, which is expected to have many repercussions around the world. As for the United Kingdom and its allies in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), British researcher Therese Raphael says it involves two major dilemmas; One will be urgent and immediate, and the other will have long-term consequences.

Asylum policy

Raphael, in a commentary published by the American “Bloomberg” company, pointed out that the immediate chaos was to formulate a policy for asylum seekers in Afghanistan.

Despite numerous calls for greater support from lawmakers and the media, asylum policy has been a contentious political issue in both the United Kingdom and Europe for years because it does not take much time to magnify. Will return to the beginning of any humanitarian crisis. Boredom and indifference, even to resentment.

During the Syrian refugee crisis in 2015, German Chancellor Angela Merkel was praised abroad, but she faced harsh criticism at home for adopting an open door policy, during which more than a million refugees were accepted, most of them from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.

This not only diminished the popularity of his party, but also led to a border crisis within the European Union, which continues to have repercussions today. The refugee crisis also became a key pillar of the 2016 Brexit campaign.

At present, neither Europe nor Britain wants the same thing to happen again. Greece, which took the lead in accepting refugees in 2015, has made it clear that it does not want to become a gateway for Afghans leaving the Taliban.

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France is one of the countries to be wary of. President Emmanuel Macron, who is actively campaigning for the presidency on Monday, spoke of the need to protect against “large flows of irregular immigration.”

Merkel, who will step down soon, has generously backed the expulsion of 10,000 Afghans.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Wednesday reiterated his country’s “lasting” commitment to the people of Afghanistan, saying the state would receive 20,000 refugees. He called for international cooperation to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe.

In an emergency session of parliament he pointed out that his government’s focus was now on expelling the British and supporting local workers, and that the situation was now “smooth” and that the Taliban were not an obstacle to current efforts.

At the same time, he warned that a crisis under the Taliban regime would worsen, and called for a new UN-led mission to the region.

European American adaptation

As for the long-term challenge, Raphael sees it as how Britain and Europe have transformed the security relationship with the United States, which has changed dramatically.

After former President Donald Trump openly questioned the credibility of the coalition, it marks the beginning of Joe Biden’s start for electoral cooperation. However, this did not really happen.

While one might argue about the cost of such interventions, the desire of the United States to lead some alliances to places like Afghanistan or Iraq sent a message that there is a sentinel to world rogue regimes, in one form or another. America is broad in its interests.

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Latvian Defense Minister Artis Pubriz briefly said that “this era is over.” Raphael’s withdrawal from Afghanistan – not only in the end, but also in the way Pitan was executed and defended – reflects a sharp decline in US influence, and points to a future without long – term peace or nation – building efforts.

Rafael stressed that this was a fact that should be taken into account in the foreign policy of Britain and its other NATO allies.

Paradoxically, the UK completed a multi-year study of its foreign and security strategy last March. The 114-page statement briefly touched on Afghanistan: “We will continue to support stability in Afghanistan within the framework of a broad coalition”, which later appeared naive.

British Secretary of Defense Ben Wallace said the United Kingdom wanted to continue its mission in Afghanistan. Turkey and Italy were also said to be interested, but there was a split between the US allies in NATO. It is very unlikely that a small alliance would be possible without US air support.

Raphael hoped that Britain, currently the head of the Seven Groups, would lead a strong international humanitarian effort to help resettle the most vulnerable Afghanistan.

He said the UK must adapt to the limits of its greatly reduced military capabilities and the US appetite for intervention. This requires greater emphasis on cooperation with Europe and the sharing of the burden, which will help to overcome both the differences between Britain’s exit from the EU and its damage to confidence.

Rafael concluded his article by emphasizing that it would take a long time for the United States to repair the damage done to the region and its Western allies from Afghanistan. Meanwhile, Britain and its European allies must take the fall into account.

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