On Wednesday, China released the first images taken by the Chung robotic spacecraft on Mars since it landed on the surface of the Red Planet in a lander on Saturday. Both devices were transported to Mars in February by the Tianwen probe. Chinese state media reported about it.
Photos document a successful landing. One of them, in black and white, picks up a landing pad with a ramp to bring the rover to the surface. Second, a color shot showing the solar panels and antenna. According to Chinese scientists, Chu-jung is now making final preparations before leaving the unit and starting to carry out his mission missions, which include, among other things, collecting data on groundwater and discovering possible signs of life in the past.
In the coming months, the vehicle must photograph the terrain surrounding the Utopia Planetia landing site to see if conditions are safe. Utopia Planitia is a plain in the northern hemisphere of Mars, likely to have been formed by the impact of a large object. It occupies an area with a diameter of about 3,300 kilometers, which makes it, according to experts, the largest known crater not only on the surface of Mars, but also in the solar system.
China It became only the second country to bring a device to Mars that would then function properly. So far, only the United States has succeeded. The United States’ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on Mars is now using three robotic rovers – InSight, Curiosity, and Perseverance. In 1971, a unit of the Soviet Union landed on the red planet, but shortly after coming into contact with the surface, it stopped sending data to Earth.
The Tianjin mission began last July with a launch from the China Space Center in Wenchang on Hainan Island. After less than seven months in flight, the spacecraft – made up of a satellite, a lander and a robotic spacecraft – successfully reached a specific orbit around Mars in February.
The satellite will remain in orbit and explore the planet from above using, among other things, high-resolution cameras, a spectrometer, magnetometer and special radar designed to map ice. It will also provide communication with the rover, whose equipment includes, in addition to cameras, tools for geological survey and climate research, as well as powerful radar that searches for potential pockets of water below the surface. On Earth, microbial life is found in such pockets.
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