The largest planet in the solar system, there are still many astronomical secrets that astronomers have been studying since the invention of the telescope 400 years ago until this moment, when experts fell in love with Jupiter, as its fixed swirling clouds and its many moons, and its giant red spot, along with a set of facts that This was reported by the US space agency, NASA, on its official website.
The largest planet in the solar system
Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system, and what makes it exciting for scientists is its enormous size, in terms of mass, volume and surface area, as its mass, volume, area and average circumference are 1.8981 x 1027 kilograms and 1.43128 x 1015 cubic kilometers and 6.1419 x 1010 km and 4.39264 x 105 km² respectively. Jupiter is 11 times the diameter of Earth and 2.5 times the mass of all the other planets in the solar system combined.
But being the largest planet in the solar system, a gas giant, the density of Jupiter is relatively low (1.326 grams / cubic centimeter), which is less than a quarter of the density of the Earth, which means that the volume of Jupiter is equivalent to about 1321 of the Earth, but it is only 318 times, and it is considered Low density is one way that scientists can determine that Jupiter is mostly its primary composition of gases.
Facts about Jupiter
Jupiter consists mainly of gaseous and liquid matter, which makes it the largest of the gas giants, as it is divided between the outer and inner atmosphere of more dense materials. 75% hydrogen, 24% helium by mass, and the remaining 1% made up of other elements.
The atmosphere contains trace amounts of methane, water vapor, ammonia and silicon-based compounds, as well as trace amounts of benzene and other hydrocarbons, and there are also traces of carbon, ethane, hydrogen sulfide, neon, oxygen, phosphine and sulfur, as well as scientists’ observation of crystals of frozen ammonia in the outer layer of the atmosphere. aerial.
The interior of the largest planet in the solar system contains much denser material, with a distribution of approximately 71% hydrogen, 24% helium and 5% other elements by mass.
Jupiter’s core is thought to be a dense mixture of elements – a surrounding layer of liquid metallic hydrogen with some helium, and an outer layer dominated by molecular hydrogen. The core has also been described as rocky, but this is also still unknown.
In 1997, the existence of the core was suggested by gravitational measurements indicating a mass 12 to 45 times that of Earth, or approximately 4% – 14% of Jupiter’s total mass, and the presence of the core is also supported by models of planet formation which indicate how a rocky or icy core was necessary at some point in the planet’s history in order to collect the bulk of the hydrogen and helium from the proto solar nebula.
However, it is possible that this core has since shrunk due to convection currents from mixing hot, liquid metallic hydrogen with the molten core.
Much like Earth, Jupiter experiences auroras near its north and south poles, but on Jupiter the auroral activity is more intense and rarely stops, and the intense radiation, the magnetic field of Jupiter and the abundance of material from the volcanoes Io interacting with Jupiter’s ionosphere create An amazing light show.
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