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Dangerous rise in anti-Semitism in 2021

Dangerous rise in anti-Semitism in 2021

A study by the University of Tel Aviv found that the number of anti-Semitic incidents worldwide had increased dramatically over the past year, and the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany and Australia were among the countries where the report identified the sharpest rises.

Left and right-wing extremist political movements, incitement on social media, and the military conflict between Israel and Hamas last May are behind high rates of anti-Semitic incidents, according to the study, coinciding with the release of the report on the Holocaust in Israel. , Began Wednesday evening.

The report, published by the Center for the Study of Contemporary European Jews in the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Tel Aviv, is based on an analysis of dozens of studies conducted around the world with information provided by law enforcement agencies, the media and Jews. Organizations in different countries.

Worrying numbers

The study notes that by 2021 there will be “a significant increase in various types of anti-Semitic incidents in most countries with large Jewish populations.”

The study found that in the United States, which has a large Jewish population outside of Israel, the number of anti-Semitism crimes recorded in both New York and Los Angeles was more than double that of the previous year.

In France, the number of recorded anti-Semitic incidents increased by 75% compared to 2020, in the United Kingdom the number of recorded physical assaults against Jews increased by 78% compared to 2020, and in Germany anti-Semitic incidents were recorded. The police force has increased by 29% compared to 2020 and 49% compared to 2019.

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Australia has also seen a sharp rise in recorded anti-Semitic incidents, with 88 incidents recorded in May alone – the highest monthly total ever recorded.

Why did anti-Semitism arise?

The authors of the report have partly blamed the rise of anti-Semitic incidents on the military conflict between Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip in May 2021 over the Israeli-Hamas conflict, in which 261 people were killed in Gaza in 11 days of fighting. Fourteen were killed in the United Nations and in Israel.

The study found that social media played an “exceptionally worrying role” in anti-Semitic incidents where “the widespread spread of social networks to spread lies and liberation” took place.

The report identifies the spread of conspiracy theories surrounding the Govt-19 epidemic as inciting hate crimes against Jews, and the report for the Center said: “Since the outbreak in 2020, conspiracy theories have spread around the world, accusing Jews and Israel of spreading the virus and the use of phones and screens.” Led, which greatly helped to promote toxic anti-Semitic rhetoric on social networks.

Review the effectiveness of actions

This is the 28th year that the Center has published this report, and Professor Uria Schavit, head of the Center for the Study of European Jewishness, said: “Something is not working, the budget but what is really needed is a bold and thorough study.

Raises concerns about the possibility of laws and agreements to ban anti-Semitic expressions from the sites of social media companies.