The wealth that flowed into Dubrovnik from the fairly undisturbed trade with the East and with Southern, Western and Eastern Europe was truly enormous. First of all, it was a matter of various foods and snacks, such as Indian and Turkish tea, dates, figs, Syrian hibiscus, and above all, an abundance of the most expensive oriental goods ever, i.e. different kinds of spices, such as star anise, black pepper (or nigella), guava, cloves, cardamom (or cardamom), curry, coriander, “seven spices”, sesame, cinnamon and also, lest I forget, zadar, which still uses to flavor chickpeas, couscous, soup or cheese, and ginger, as well Turkish sweets, including halva, dried meat and fish, Indian ghee (special thick butter made from buffalo or cow milk) or cane molasses, but also wood, cosmetics, clothing, jewelry, oh, oriental jewelry and ornaments, tobacco, etc.
Decade after decade, business flourished, and the merchants (and not only) of the local aristocratic families and chiefs of the trading “dynasties” in and around Dubrovnik became richer and richer, which was also reflected in their way of life, which, I repeat, in some respects, in some ways, remember The life of the most important inhabitants of Venice or Milan, also in the architecture of the city.
The houses of Dubrovnik merchants were famous for their beauty, so much so that people came from far away to admire them. In addition, the men who presided over the city/republic were excellent diplomats, so they often achieved the seemingly impossible. For example, when they put part of their fleet at the disposal of the Kingdom of Spain (namely Philip II of the Habsburgs and then his successor Philip III) in the late 16th century, they were able to get the Ottoman Turks to agree to the condition that it would not be used in combat against them; The Turks even tolerated Dubrovnik’s trade with states and rulers who were with them on openly hostile terms. The prosperity of the city, or republic, and the self-confidence of its rulers and merchants could not be fatally shaken even by a strong earthquake in April 1667, which temporarily destroyed the port and cost the lives of several thousand of its inhabitants. People from the surrounding area.
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