EU funds are not only involved in building or modernizing Czech roads and highways, but also in providing rail, ship or bicycle transportation. However, the conditions for financing transport projects in the Czech Republic will change with the beginning of the new subsidy period.
With the support of European Union funds, the Czech Republic was able to repair 4,585 kilometers of highways and I., II roads. And the third. Class. 959 kilometers of railways were also rebuilt and built. New platforms, underpasses or check-in halls are also being repaired and constructed.
The money also helps ensure a safer, faster, and smoother transportation between rail, buses, or public transport. Thus, 208 transmission stations were built or rebuilt. In addition, 1778 public transport vehicles, whether buses, trams or other vehicles, have been purchased that transport citizens en masse to work, school or leisure. Unsatisfactory diesel cars are being replaced by low-emission, low-floor vehicles.
Don’t forget the waterways or bike lanes.
Larger constructions are funded from the Transportation Operational Program (OP), and smaller and urban buildings are funded from the Integrated Regional Operating Program (IROP).
OP transport in the programming period 2014-2020 allocated 5.4 billion euros. European structural funds contributed 4.6 billion euros. € 2.16 billion was earmarked for roads and related infrastructure, and € 2.34 billion for railways and other sustainable means of transport. at Podcast of the Department of Regional Development (MMR) mentioned this Marek BastochaDirector of the European Union Funds Department at the Ministry of Transport.
“In transportation, we are already in quite record numbers. We put about 127 billion crowns a year in transportation. Until a few years ago, it was 50 billion kroner a year. European resources play an important role in that. And with our ability to rely on them, we are delaying Build our transport Karel HavlicekMinister of Industry and Trade and Minister of Transport. During the conference The prosperous Czech Republic, organized by the publishing house Economia in cooperation with EURACTIV.cz.
Czech regions welcome support from European funds.
“In total, the regions invest between 5.5 and 9 billion kroner annually in building new sections, repairing and rebuilding already used sections of their roads (second and third class roads) annually (data for the past ten years). These are financial resources that include, among other things. Another, their common participation in the financial resources that the European Union provides to the regions. ” Hannah Brochkova From the office of the Governor of the Southern Bohemia Region.
The future of transportation projects lies in greening and electricity
Czech roads and railways simply will not come even in the new programming period 2021-2027. In the field of transport, OP transport allocates 125 billion crowns of a total of 500 billion crowns, an increase of 9 billion crowns over the previous programming period. It will happen again About one of the biggest Czech programs.
However, the program will not operate on legacy tracks, as it will focus exclusively on road and rail transport and associated infrastructure. One of the areas supported could also be public transportation freight infrastructure, such as partial trolleybuses or electric buses. This third region is to be funded from OP Transport and IROP.
“If the municipality has a car park project, the eligible charges will also include the cost of the car charging stations in the parking lot,” as specified in another. European Funds Podcast 2021-2027 Zdeněk SemorádDeputy Minister of Administration for the European and National Programs Division, Ministry of Regional Development.
On the other hand, it will no longer be possible to finance the freight and possibly air transportation from OP Transport. According to Maric Bastocha, the railway stock will also not be funded.
According to Semorád, ground transportation will also feel the changes. The regions will only be able to finance second-class roads with European Union funds, but can no longer finance third-class roads. Nearly 13 billion crowns of IROP will be allocated to the repair and rebuilding of Class II roads.
“It is not good for the regions that there will be less funding for regional roads and that it will be possible to draw them only on the second roads. Strata. Certainly not the good news is the decline, respectively. Increase the rate of financial participation, which the regions will have to increase their budgets to meet the withdrawal conditions.” New funds from the European Union for the years 2021-2027, “summed up the negative reaction of the Czech regions to the changes in the distribution of European subsidies Brožková.”
In addition, due to changes in terms of support, it will have no money left for repairing and maintaining bridges, which the provinces will finance from their budgets every year.
Unfortunately, it can only be mentioned that together, when regions have to spend more money from their budgets for joint participation, European divisions will be able to repair fewer sections of regional roads, which means less money will be left to repair and rebuild Roads III. The class and the bridges, which the regions will have to deal with in the coming years, ”added Brožková on behalf of the Federation of Regions in the Czech Republic.
The Structural Funds or the CEF Community Connect Europe program will not be the only European source of funds for developing transport infrastructure. The so-called clean transport should also go to sums from the modernization fund, a new source to be financed from revenues from emissions allocations, and a replenishment fund.
According to Maric Bastocha, the replenishment fund should support the electrification, modernization and digitization of rail transport, increase safety and reduce the impact on the environment, build circular tracks or modernize bridges. Create bike paths from the Resuscitation Fund established in response to the Coronavirus epidemic, Especially wanted by the rulers of the Czech regions.
Harmonizing Czech transport with the Green Deal should not be an issue
The exact definition of what areas EU funding could go into in the next seven years is not yet fully known. Negotiations with the European Commission, which has the final say on the targeting of funds, are far from over.
“If we are to emphasize the sustainability of transportation and comply with the requirements of the Green Deal, as recommended by the European Commission, program distribution should be supported primarily by measures that contribute to this. Meanwhile, the National Reform Program refers to sustainable urban mobility plans, which It will be the main strategic documents for cities and regions. ” Gitka FertalovaSpokesman for the Partnership for Urban Mobility.
“In addition to urban public transport infrastructure projects in electric traction and vehicle fleet renewal, there are also non-motorized means of transportation, such as pedestrians and bicycles, or urban transport integration in relation to rail transport,” Fertalova added.
According to her, European money should also flow into so-called environmentally friendly logistics systems.
“Outside, there are joint urban micro-studies centers through which goods are delivered by means such as cargocolaps or electric vans. Cities should be able to support and manage these activities on their own,” Fartalova believes.
According to her, the focus should be on long-term sustainability, both for large and small infrastructure projects in cities and regions.
According to Marek Bastocha from the Ministry of Transport, compliance with Czech transport with the European Union Green Agreement should not be an issue.
The speed of construction of transport routes, which is often criticized by the European Commission in the country, could improve.
“The key is the effective operation of state organizations, which has improved in recent years, but there is still room for improvement. The law to accelerate construction of transport, water and energy infrastructure, the so-called pipeline law, should help. So we think there will be a positive shift there,” he added. Marek Bastocha to the speed of construction of transport projects in the platform of the Ministry of Regional Development on European subsidies in the transport sector.
The article was published as part of the project Transformations of the Czech regions, Which was implemented jointly by EURACTIV.cz and the Economic Publishing House with the support of the European Commission.