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Gulf News |  A long history of joint relations between the Kingdom of Bahrain and the United Kingdom

Gulf News | A long history of joint relations between the Kingdom of Bahrain and the United Kingdom

Two centuries of historical relations between Bahrain and the United Kingdom date back to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, however, the 1816 Treaty of Amity marked the beginning of a normalization of relations. Protecting the alliance and the common interests between the two parties, the treaty soon became a formal agreement in 1820, consolidated into the “General Treaty of Peace” in 1861, 1880, and 1892.

These agreements signed during that period had important consequences, as the legal personality of Bahrain and its administrative entities protected them, upheld their independence, and strengthened their position as a strategic center for commercial activity. As well as ensuring security and stability in the Gulf region as a whole.

Over the past 206 years, Bahraini-British relations have developed and grown, and their relations have been distinguished not only at the official level, but as two friendly countries, but those relations have experienced further expansion through the continuation of friendship. Reconciliation between the two royal families, and this has contributed to the improvement of the level of understanding of common bilateral, regional and international interests and interests, high diplomatic relations and mutual visits, and high coordination among the leaders of the two countries. The leaderships of both countries attach great importance.

The bilateral friendship ties that bind Bahrain and the United Kingdom cannot be treated as mere official and diplomatic ties, but the history of friendship between the two royal families reflects a very deep and intimate one at the human level. The great nation’s King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa and Crown Prince and Prime Minister Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa in the affection, friendship and respect exchanged with the British royal family by Her Majesty the late Queen Elizabeth II, and His Majesty King Charles III of Britain, which is the late Sheikh It dates back to the first official visit of the late Queen of Bahrain in mid-February 1979 during the reign of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa. God rest his soul.

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In 1986 – British Crown Prince Charles, then Prince of Wales, made his second visit to the Kingdom of Bahrain as part of a Gulf tour.

Charles III’s third visit was on 26 February 2007, as part of a ten-day Gulf tour during which he accompanied his wife Princess Camilla, during which he met His Majesty the King and His Royal Highness, the Crown. The Prince and the Prime Minister reflect the strength and durability of the relationship between the two countries, as well as the extent to which the Kingdom of Bahrain is well placed in European and international circles due to its balanced foreign policy that seeks peace and stability. .

In 2016, the Kingdom of Bahrain celebrated the 200th anniversary of Bahraini-British relations, embodying the depth of friendship and historical ties between the two friendly countries and peoples, and the sincere desire to strengthen the framework of cooperation and interdependence between them, especially by Prince Charles, the Crown Prince of the United Kingdom at the time. The festival follows the visit of the Kingdom of Bahrain in November 2016, and the visit of the country’s monarch, King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Windsor Equestrian, in the same year that the book “A History of Bahrain-British Relations in Two Hundred Years” was published.

Mutual visits between the two royal families were mixed between official and friendly, and the convergence of common sports interests and hobbies that brought together Their Majesties the King and the late Queen Elizabeth II contributed to strengthening bilateral relations in various fields.

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His Majesty The King has made several visits to Britain, the most recent of which was last May 2022 when His Majesty attended the Royal Windsor Equestrian Festival at the invitation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

Over the decades, the relations between the two friendly countries have seen significant growth and development, which has added to the depth of the bilateral partnership, which has been expanded and translated into the signing of several agreements, cooperation protocols and memorandums of understanding. Enhancing the level of partnership and bilateral coordination in various fields including political, diplomatic, security, military, economic, cultural, educational and others.

The beginning of 1935 marked a quantum leap in the course of relations between the two allies and marked the beginning of a new political, economic and cultural chapter based on respect, affection and partnership following the transfer of the main British naval base in the Gulf. For the Kingdom of Bahrain, a treaty of friendship was signed between Bahrain and Britain in 1971.

The Bahraini-British partnership has a peculiarity that goes back to the ancient history that has brought the two countries together, especially in the economy, investment and banking sector, due to Bahrain’s large number of companies, commercial and financial institutions, and British banks and banks with international operations, due to the excellent economic policies and laws of the Government of Bahrain. Growth was achieved with large capital and investments. In this regard, the Agreement on the Promotion and Protection of Investments in 2006, and the Cooperation Agreement between the Bahrain Stock Exchange and the London Stock Exchange in 2007, and two Memorandums of Understanding between the Governments of the two countries in related areas in 2008 for the Customs Department and between the two Kingdoms, the leadership, the government and the people have deepened. Many treaties testify to deep-rooted historical ties.

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