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History of the Fiat Dino from Ferrari

History of the Fiat Dino from Ferrari

Thus, the Fiat Dino Spyder (1966) and the Dino Coupe (1967) were created. In Formula 2, the Ferrari Dino 166 engine volume was reduced to 1.6 liters in accordance with the regulations, Fiat cars were the first two liters and later increased the volume to 2.4 liters. A total of 7,651 cars of all types were produced, mostly coupes, but also 1,583 very elegant Spyder cars. The last one rolled off the production line in 1972.

In the name of the only son

In the name of Alfredino’s only married son, Dino for short, who in his youth was involved in the development of six-cylinder forks, Enzo Ferrari produced these power units in small quantities from 1957. In memory of the prematurely deceased Alfredo (after suffering a serious illness at the age of 24), they were named Dino, then created a separate Dino brand for cheaper sports cars (1965-1976). Dino engines also power the F1 and F2 single-seat seats, and when Formula 2 required a 500-unit homologation series, Ferrari entered into an exclusive agreement with Fiat to ensure its production would be extended.

The Fiat Dino Spyder sports cars (internally Tipo 135) were born in 1966; Then, in 1967, the new single-seat Ferrari Dino 166 F2 took to the circuit, where the then-famous racers Ernesto “Tino” Brambilla (in the days of motorcycles, František Šťastny’s competitor), Andrea De Adamich, Derek Bell and Brian Redman and Jonathan Williams, as well as Grand Prix stars like Jacky Ickx and Chris Amon.

Long and varied development

Photo: Thomas Heian

Fiat Dino Spyder, one of the most beautiful cars of the Turin brand (1966-1972)

Dino’s short-stroke, high-rev V6 engines also contributed to the Formula 1 world titles of Mike Hawthorne (1958; 2.5-liter version) and Phil Hill (1961; 1.5-liter version); However, after the creation of the three-liter F1 engine (1966), they were carried over to F2, which recently required a mass-produced engine base with a minimum production of 500 engines per year. So, on March 1, 1965, Enzo Ferrari began a contract with Fiat and Pininfarina for a 2-liter Dino V6 engine with power reduced to 160 hp (118 kW) at 7500 rpm and proposed to use it in the form of a sporty Spyder. Only the required 500 units were produced, but the car was so beautiful that the head of Fiat Gianni Agnelli ordered the production of an additional series.

Dino spider ride

The Fiat Dino Spyder from Pininfarina appeared at the 1966 Turin Motor Show. At the next Geneva International Show in 1967, this was followed by an extended coupe designed by Burton. However, this was not Ferrari’s first attempt to co-produce a cheaper sports car. Recall the Coupe ASA 1000 GT and Innocenti 186 GT models (already with a 1.8-liter Dino V6), but only Fiat Dino cars have had a greater expansion.

The Dino Spider was Fiat’s first production car with four camshafts (DOHC in each cylinder head), limited-slip differential and single-leaf springs (on the rear axle, unlike the steel Chevrolet Corvette which is located longitudinally). The two-seater Spyder reached a speed of 210 km / h, although designer Aurelio Lampredi (known in Formula 1, but the legendary Dante Giacusa also worked on the Dino) reduced the engine power for longer life and easier control in normal operation.

Photo: Thomas Heian

The first Fiat with four camshafts (their drive chains marked)

Pininfarina created the hardtop (1967) and made several other versions of the Coupé Speciale (1966) and Berlinetta (with flowing background; 1967), but these never went into series production. Burton, on the other hand, got a chance when he designed a Dino coupe, albeit a four-seater with an extended wheelbase of 2,550 mm (4507 mm in length), which reached a top speed of 205 km/h with the same technology. Pininfarina chose four round lamps in the back too, Bertone used two rectangular ones.

Dino has a power of up to 2.4 liters

In 1969, both cars received more powerful Dino 2400 engines of the same concept, with the cylinder volume increased from 1,987 to 2,418 cc, the cylinder bore increased from 86 to 92.5 mm, and the piston stroke from 57 to 60 mm, and thus the engine Continue to stay under the square (the stroke is less than the bore of the cylinder). Power has now reached 180 hp (132 kW) at 6600 rpm. However, the big change was the replacement of the solid rear axle with long-leaf springs with a completely new one with independently suspended wheels (rear arms), suspended by coil springs. The Dino 246 GT/GTS from Ferrari and the Lancia Stratos HF, world rally star, had the same power unit, but it was positioned in front of the rear axle, but that’s another chapter.

Photo: Thomas Heian

Four-seater Fiat Dino Coupe on an extended chassis

Due to the qualities of the six-cylinder, Dina also participated in sporting events with amateur racers, especially in Italy (Targa Florio, 1000 km Monza); However, the Parisian Scuderia Abarth France made a hard top spider in the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1968, finishing 18th with an average speed of 142 km/h.

Ferrari benefited from cooperation

The greatest success of the Ferrari Dino 166 single-seater in Formula 2 was the 1968 Argentine Tempurada, winning three out of four races. In Buenos Aires, Ferrari drivers dominated, with Brambella winning ahead of de Adamic, who then added two more victories in Cordoba and San Juan, despite the best in the world at the start with rival cars from Lotus, Matra, Brabham and Techno. Andrea de Adamic won the championship against Jochen Rindt, Pierce Courage and teammate Ernesto Brambella, who dominated the Rome Grand Prix at home (the closing of the 1968 Formula 2 season).

In the Tasmanian series, which was a kind of Formula 1 in New Zealand and Australia during the winter break, Dina Primat (246 variants with larger 2.4-liter engines) also played in the biggest competition. Chris Amon came second in 1968 and won the championship in 1969. When the car was sold to a local driver, Graeme Lawrence repeated the victory in 1970. Ferrari’s mission accomplished.