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How do modern Egyptians differ from their ancestors?  - Epochaplus.cz

How do modern Egyptians differ from their ancestors? – Epochaplus.cz

The genome of 90 Egyptian mummies, ranging in age from 1,500 to 3,000 years, was recently subjected to research by experts from the German Max Planck Institute and the University of Tübingen.

Thanks to this, they created a picture of genetic compatibility between modern Egyptians and their ancient ancestors. At the same time, it became clear that the DNA of the inhabitants of Egypt today is different from the DNA of the ancients. Research confirms that while modern Egyptians are more closely related to Africans than sub-Saharan Africans, the ancients were not Africans, but were more closely related to the Middle East.

Egyptian mummies have become the subject of research almost constantly. Scientists are also deciphering their genetic makeup. Photo: Wolfgang Sauber/Creative Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0

They are closer to the Levant

Genetically, the ancient Egyptians corresponded to the inhabitants of the Levant, that is, the territories in which today there are Israel and the Palestinian autonomous regions, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon or Abkhazia and Georgia. Some also arrived from southern Europe or trace their roots back to Turkey.

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The remains, hidden inside ornate coffins, can tell us a lot about the life and origins of the ancient Egyptians. Photo: pixel here

The mixing was due to the slave trade

But modern Egyptians have eight percent more DNA than sub-Saharan Africa. After the Arab invaders conquered Egypt, relations with southern Africa developed. The slave trade flourished here, which may be responsible for a higher proportion of sub-Saharan DNA in today’s population.

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