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How do you get a person into space?  The Russian expedition begins in the Ryazan mud - CT24 - Czech TV

How do you get a person into space? The Russian expedition begins in the Ryazan mud – CT24 – Czech TV

Gas-filled barrel. And beyond that?

At school, he’d seen himself as a stranger. “I felt isolated, humiliated, and expelled between them, so I immersed myself, forcing me to search for cool things so that I could get praise from people and not be overlooked,” he later explained why school was replaced by homework. During his self-study he discovered physics, chemistry, mathematics and astronomy. He also had fun making models of cars, balloons and machines.

He eventually graduated and became a teacher of arithmetic and engineering at a high school in Borovsko, a remote area where new people often end up as punishment. Not only did he find a wife there, but he also found ample time to dedicate what he enjoys – thinking machines.

At the age of twenty-six, he first thought of what made him famous later, a heavier-than-air machine that could fly: “Suppose we have a barrel full of strongly compressed gas. If we open one of its thin taps, the gas flows out of the barrel in a continuous stream, while elastic “The gas, whose parts are repelled into space, will continuously invert the barrel in the same way. The result will be a constant change in the movement of the barrel.”

However, Ciolkovsky abandoned this first idea of ​​the missile and went on to develop a metal steerable balloon, which was using many of these elements. However, his successful work was hampered not only by the miserable conditions of Tsarist Russia, but also by “fate” – as soon as a fire occurred, they lost practically all the results of many years of work, and the second time the flood took them away.

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Equation from 25 Aug

When the Germans announced the creation of a metal steerable balloon in 1897, Ciolkovsky must have had mixed feelings – the joy of proposing the same ten years earlier was mixed with sadness that the machine was not built in Russia.

He returned again to jet propulsion, to rockets, which began to make more sense to him – they better imitate the flight of birds. Because Verne’s book From Earth to Moon was published at that time, he began to believe that such a machine could be used to travel beyond Earth. At that time, he also moved to the city of Kaluga, where he lived until the end of his life.

At the end of the last century, there was no basic mathematics that could calculate whether a voyage outside Earth was ever possible and whether one would survive it. And although many scholars were working independently on such considerations at the time, Ciolkovsky, a high school arithmetic teacher, finally came up with the solution.

In his memoirs, he stated that he formulated the basic equation on August 25, 1898. He read it: V = V1, iii (J + ‚n2 / rn,). Or that the final flight velocity of the missile is equal to the product of the velocity of the escaped gases, and the natural logarithm of the ratio of the initial fuel quantity to the final weight of the object increases by one.

All astronauts basically stand on this equation to this day, as it is similar to Newton’s laws of physics, Pythagoras’ theories of geometry or the famous Einstein’s equations of relativistic physics.

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In 1903, Ciolkovsky published an article in which he detailed thirty pages of a revolutionary idea: Man is able to conquer the Earth’s gravity and leave the planet his home. Unfortunately, that text wasn’t interested in anyone, and frustrated Ciolkovsky got back into the balloons.

Visions of flights, satellites, and colonies

The mathematician did not complete his rocketry work until 1912, and because the whole world was being modernized at the time, he succeeded this time and started talking about it – especially with the arrival of the Communist regime, which Seulkovsky valued more than the Tsar. One.

His ideas permeated Germany, which excelled in rocket science, and began to be recognized by his colleagues and competitors. Ciolkovsky was given new opportunities and his imagination could run at full speed. And she began to get to places where even the most daring book of the kind, later called science fiction, had not dared.

“In the 1920s, the rest of the world slowly began to realize that the rocket would be a unique means of transportation in space. At that time, a 65-year-old thinker from Kaluga was outlining a new program of work. Although he realized he could not fulfill it. Never and that it will remain a sign of his followers, “wrote Karel Buckner.

“He is thinking of a missile plane that will bypass the atmosphere and return to sail, the satellites of the earth, the large satellite stations around the earth, the colonization of planets and their satellites, the development of the space industry, such as this overpopulation. The solar system that will force the Earthlings to colonize the entire Milky Way galaxy,” For the sake of the extinction of our sun, which, however, would not put any human being at risk, since mankind would fly to the other stars in time.

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