As part of the race to conquer space, NASA is preparing to discover the dark side of the moon with an S-rocket. The. S, which will undergo extensive testing before being sent – if successful – to the moon next summer.
On Thursday, the new NASA rocket began its first move towards the launch pad, where it will undergo a series of tests before being sent – if successful – to the moon next summer.
The S-missile left. The. The ASV assembly building at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, on an eleven-hour flight to join the launch pad 39B located more than six kilometers from the center.
The length of this missile – calculating the Orion space capsule attached to its head – is 98 meters; That is, it is higher than the Statue of Liberty, but slightly lower than the 110-meter Saturn 5 rocket that was used to send humans to the moon during the Apollo missions.
However, “As. The. The S will produce 39.1 megatons of pressure, which is 15 percent more than the Saturn 5, which will make it the most powerful rocket in the world today.
But the cost of this “token” is exorbitant, as launching the first four operations within the “Artemis” program to return to the moon will cost $4.1 billion, according to what Inspector General of the US Space Agency Paul Martin revealed to Congress this month.
Once in the launch area, engineers have approximately two weeks to conduct a set of tests before carrying out a general test before the launch date.
On the third of April, the working team will fill more than three million liters of cooled fuel in the rocket and will conduct a test backcountry for each stage until the last ten minutes, without running the engines.
The fuel will then be withdrawn from the rocket to safely test the incomplete launch process.
And “NASA” has set next May, an approximate date for the first launch of the unmanned “Artemis 1” lunar mission, in which the “S” rocket will meet for the first time. The. S” and “Orion” capsule.
It will put “S. The. SV initially “Orion” in low Earth orbit, before conducting the process of “entry into lunar transition orbit” thanks to its upper layer.
This process is necessary to send Orion more than 450,000 km from Earth and nearly 64,000 km beyond the Moon, far beyond what any other manned spacecraft can reach.
During its three-week mission, “Orion” will deploy ten satellites called “CubeSats”, the size of which is no larger than a shoebox, and will collect information about deep space.
Thanks to thrusters provided by the European Space Agency, the capsule will travel toward the dark side of the moon before returning to Earth.
It will land on waters in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California.
It will have to wait until the “Artemis 2” mission, expected in 2024, to record the first manned test flight.
At that time, the capsule will orbit the moon without landing on its surface, while the expected “Artemis 3” mission in 2025 at least will carry the first woman and the first person of color to set foot on the moon at the south pole of this new space object.
NASA seeks to test on the moon some of the technologies that it intends to use during its future space missions towards Mars in the thirties of this century.
Also, setting “S. The. “S” in orbit would allow it to join the class of “ultra-heavy” rockets, which until now includes the “Falcon Heavy” from “SpaceX”, which is a smaller rocket than its “S” counterpart. The. Ace”.
The company owned by Elon Musk is developing another rocket to explore the depths of space, the fully reusable “Starship”, which the billionaire said will be ready for use in an orbital experiment this year.
It will be complicated to compare the two missiles because “S. The. S is designed to reach its destination directly, while SpaceX plans to put a “Starship” rocket into orbit and then resupply it to extend its range.
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