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James Webb captures the most accurate images ever of the Orion and Spider Nebulae |  Sciences

James Webb captures the most accurate images ever of the Orion and Spider Nebulae | Sciences

The researchers hope that these new images, and the accompanying data, will help advance scientists’ understanding of the origins of stars and the planets that orbit them.

A research team led by scientists from Canada’s Western University was able to use the James Webb Space Telescope to capture the most detailed and clear images ever of the interior of the Orion Nebula, which is the most famous star cloud ever in the night sky.

The Orion Nebula is located at a distance of about 1350 light years from Earth, and about 12 light years wide, and a light year is the distance that light travels in a year, and is approximately equal to 9.5 trillion kilometers.

This nebula is full of hydrogen clouds, which represent a fertile environment for the birth and growth of new stars, so it has always been a target for scientists to study the origins of stars and the planetary disks that revolve around them.

Cameras such as Nircam and Meri on board James Webb use infrared radiation to penetrate dust clouds (NASA)

penetrating capabilities

According to press release Released by the university on September 12, these new observations allow scientists to better understand how massive stars affect the cloud of gas and dust that was born inside them, as they release large amounts of ultraviolet radiation between their sides, and this changes the shape of the cloud and its chemical composition.

. represents Orion Nebula Particularly a challenge to James Webb because it is too bright for this telescope’s unprecedented cameras, but its performance, according to Western University scientists, has been amazing.

Before “James Webb”, the Orion Nebula was a target of its predecessor, the Spitzer Space Telescope, and will remain a target for every technology that takes pictures in the infrared range, because it is full of dust clouds that blind the sight of what lies behind it.

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It is similar, for the purpose of approximation, that someone’s arm breaks, and he goes to the hospital to ask the doctor for an X-ray image, which penetrates the skin of the hand and shows the broken bones in the image. Cameras such as the NIRCam and MIRI aboard James Webb use infrared radiation to penetrate dust clouds in the same way.

The Spider Nebula as seen in an image from the James Webb Telescope (French)

Spider Nebula

It seems that it was a busy week for the “James Webb” telescope, where he managed to According to a statement issued On September 6, thousands of young, never-before-seen stars were observed in a region of the Tarantula Nebula.

Like Orion, the Spider Nebula is of special interest to astronomers who study the formation of stars, because it is also full of young stars. James Webb has revealed distant galaxies in the background of the nebula, in addition to the detailed composition of the nebula’s dust.

The Spider Nebula is located 161,000 light-years away, and is not found in our galaxy, but in the “Large Magellanic Cloud”, an irregular dwarf very close to our galaxy, and was previously believed to belong to our galaxy.

The researchers hope that these new images, and the data that accompanied them, will help advance scientists’ understanding of the origins of stars and the planets that orbit them, which can contribute to learning more about our solar system.

Source : Websites + NASA + European Space Agency