Amna Al Ketbi (Dubai)
Saleh Al-Amiri, the first astronaut in space simulation, will complete his mission within the “Sirius 21” program, on the fourth of next July, with the participation of 5 main astronauts from the American “NASA” Agency and the Russian “Roskosmos” at the Ground Experimental Complex at the Institute of Medical and Biological Research at the Academy of Sciences. Russian sciences in the capital, Moscow.
The mission, which lasted for 240 days, is scheduled to end on the fourth of next July, with the participation of Oleg Blinov, Victoria Kirichenko and Ekaterina Krayakina from Russia, William Brown and Ashley Kowalsky from the United States, and Saleh Al-Amiri from the United Arab Emirates.
Al-Amiri began the task on the fourth of November last year, which lasted 8 months, during which he conducted 71 research and experiments, including 5 Emirati experiments from 4 universities in the country, covering the fields of physiology, psychology and biology, and focused on the effects of prolonged exposure to a simulated environment. Space on cardiovascular variability and cardiac interactions, as well as a study to determine the effects of stress-induced confinement and isolation on the circulatory and skeletal muscle functions of crew members during a task measuring clinical, genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic indicators.
Other topics selected for the mission included research on stress relief in isolation and confined environment, as well as research on the psychological challenges of isolation during human spaceflight: the role of motivational mechanisms and intermittent and intense training as a countermeasure to prevent bone density loss and insulin resistance in the space environment, as well as some shared experiences. Provided by the Russian Institute, the American Space Agency “NASA” and some of the most prestigious universities in the world, such as Oxford University and others.
During the mission, Al-Amiri conducted a number of scientific experiments, such as simulating the operation of a space robot, reducing stress in isolation, as well as virtual reality experiments, including launching a vehicle and securing its docking with the International Space Station, flying over the moon and Mars, and conducting an electroencephalogram experiment; With the aim of obtaining a clear picture of brain function in the isolation state, which helps scientists to identify the interaction of the brain and changes in cognitive function, when staying in isolated environments for a long time.
Al-Amri also conducted several experiments, including an examination of the samples he collected with his colleagues, during a simulation experiment of landing on the surface of the moon, and a successful simulation of landing on the surface of the moon for 5 days, as well as the experiment of evaluating cooperation between crew members, and a simulation experience of walking missions on the surface of the moon, among others.
The scientific objectives of the mission include conducting tests on available experimental instruments, preparing to work aboard the International Space Station in isolation conditions inside a sealed body, where the crew works in a sealed body simulating a spacecraft, as well as creating an integrated database of scientific data obtained during the implementation of The project, testing mechanisms for the creation and operation of international cooperation teams responsible for identifying and solving scientific problems for future lunar missions, in addition to evaluating the efficiency of the isolation model compared to a real space mission.
The “Sirius 21” mission is of high importance, to understand the effects of isolation on the psychological and physiological aspects of humans and the mechanisms of the team’s work, in order to support preparations for space exploration missions that take long periods, and the ground simulation unit includes unique facilities for conducting typical spaceflight studies according to a period of time. and different complexity. The backup crew includes Abdullah Al Hammadi, from the UAE, Vera Bekhtereva, Evgeny Prokubiev and Alexei Federov from Russia, and Brian Evarts and Tatiana Delaney from the United States, who work as a reserve crew for the project, in addition to providing support to the core crew from the operations center.
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