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Learn about the science that gives us happiness

Learn about the science that gives us happiness

Cairo: The Gulf

Today, many of us live this life, without a sense of belonging to it, and without a feeling of happiness and comfort living in it, where a person feels a gap, separating himself from the world around him, but rather there is a gap within himself, which makes him feel alienated, there is nothing in the world It could satisfy him completely, and he doesn’t know why.

And man wishes to fill this gap, to find what he lost of a sense of happiness, contentment and peace, but how? He does not realize the reason for that feeling, as it is a prevalent problem that has been dealt with by thinkers in different ways.

This book refers to Aya Samir and its title “Philosophical Attitudes in Self-Purification” indicates that the mission of philosophy since its inception has been to search for the best ways of life and obtain happiness. By teaching us a new way of life, it is to explore the best ways to live, to get happiness in this life, and then to search for a better world.

The aim of this book is to shed light on the causes of human suffering, from a philosophical point of view throughout the ages, and to reveal ways and directions for treating it, in the hope that this presentation will help us in revealing the causes of the suffering of contemporary man, through the concept of self-purification, in order to return to the self In order to feel inner peace and happiness, it is an attempt to know ourselves and the world, especially if self-purification is a complete transformation and change of one’s vision, behavior and way of life.

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The book indicates the dimensions of the concept of self-purification, and that there are two dimensions: an individual dimension, and a collective dimension. The first is the subjective, which means the individual as soul and body, and it is possible to refer to the species, i.e., the human being in general and the group or society, and the second dimension of purification is a collective dimension. It is the cleansing of society of corrupt social values.

The concept of self-purification reveals the image of human suffering from the point of view of philosophers and their various means, including spiritual, mental, social, and political, and whether their means are elitist and commensurate with contemporary man today or not, and how similar their theories are with the statement of the relationship of self-purification to the capitalist system.

The book deals with the philosophical trends in self-purification in ancient philosophies, by dealing with the Indian and Greek philosophers of self-purification, and their various means through representative models. Before Socrates, that is, before Greek philosophy, and in the second stage Greek philosophy reached its peak of maturity through Plato, and in the third stage the post-Aristotle stage, where it deteriorated and withered, and the so-called Neoplatonism appeared.

The book deals with medieval philosophers, who were distinguished by a religious character. In the last chapter, it deals with philosophers of the modern and contemporary times such as Spinoza, Nietzsche and Alain Badiou. And it, in turn, represents the suffering of contemporary man according to Alain Badiou, and then the purification of the self according to Badiou is purification from the prevailing misconception about happiness, and from the manifestations of this age that robbed our true happiness, and led to the transformation of our happiness into happiness of satisfaction, and from the state of surrender to what things have led to Today, that is, the restoration of human consciousness for himself, the truth and the world, has worked to liberate human consciousness from the constraints of society, the prevailing values, and the happiness of gratification.

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Badiou believes that it is time for us to end the philosophy of the ends that two centuries ago, proclaiming the end of history, the end of philosophy and the end of truth, and revive it again, and directs criticism of the prevailing philosophies today that failed to reveal the truth, according to his expression, and to adhere to its demand as the basis of all A desire to change the world, to reject the system of this miserable world, and to restore the concept of true happiness to the world.