Mushrooms communicate with each other using up to 50 words
Thursday – 6 Ramadan 1443 AH – 07 April 2022 AD Issue No. [
Mushrooms communicate through underground filamentous structures (Shutterstock)
London: «Middle East»
An English professor believes that the electrical impulses sent by fungal organisms can be similar to human language, according to the British newspaper, The Guardian. He believes that the fungi buried in forest waste or that sprout from trees may give the impression that they are relatively silent and self-contained organisms, but a new study indicated that there may be some kind of communication between them.
Mathematical analysis of the fungi identified electrical signals that seem to send to each other patterns that bear striking structural similarity to human speech.
Previous research has shown that fungi emit electrical impulses through long, underground filamentous, thread-like structures – similar to the way neurons transmit information in humans. It is possible that fungi use this electrical ‘language’ to share information about food or to infect distant parts of it with their own structures, or with filament-bound partners such as trees.
But do these waves of electrical activity have anything in common with human language? To verify this, Professor Andrew Adamatsky, a researcher at the Unconventional Computing Laboratory at the University of the West of England in Bristol, analyzed the patterns of electrical ripples produced by four types of fungi: enoki, split gills, ghost fungi and caterpillars.
Professor Adamatsky did this by inserting tiny electrodes into substrates surrounded by connected filaments and their fungi.
“But we don’t yet know if there is a direct relationship between the speech patterns of fungi and human speech,” Adamatsky added. However, there are many similarities in the processing of information in the living substrata of different classes, families and species. I am curious to compare.
The research, which was published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, concludes that these protrusions often congregate in active groups that produce a semblance of a vocabulary of up to fifty words, and that the distribution of “innate word lengths” is perfectly consistent with human languages.
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