New projections predict that the world’s population will peak at 8.5 billion by 2040, and then decline to around 6 billion by the end of this century.
According to expectations announced by the international initiative, Earth4All, today, Monday, the condition for this to happen is a “giant leap” in economic development, education and health investments.
The United Nations expects a population peak of about 10.4 billion people worldwide by 2080, according to a report issued in the summer of 2022.
According to United Nations data, the world’s population exceeded 8 billion last November, knowing that it had reached 6 billion in 2000.
People and the planet
In a report entitled “People and Planet” published today, Monday, the researchers of the initiative put forward two possible scenarios for the future. In the first scenario, the world continues to develop economically in a manner similar to what it has been in the past fifty years, and in this case the population will reach its peak by 2050.
In the other scenario, this peak could be reached earlier by 2040 if, among other things, there are greater investments in combating poverty.
Initiative experts believe that other popular population growth projections reports often underestimate the importance of rapid economic development.
“We know that rapid economic development in low-income countries has a significant impact on fertility rates, as rates decline when girls have access to education, women are economically empowered and have access to better health care,” said initiative director Per Espin Stockens.
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