Recently compiled in collaboration with Mendel University in Brno. Existing tenants must adapt their management to the new rules. Otherwise, the land will be shown to another viewer.
“The move is a response to the current form of conventional agriculture – with the dominant chemical fields of dead dead soil. It lacks earthworms and microorganisms, increases its erosion and dramatically reduces its retention capabilities. The water only flows to the surface, rather than being trapped by the soil.” We have responded by adopting principles that must restore the soil to its natural properties, ”explained Char nad Sazavu mayor, Martin Merkus.
Special seed mixture
In the first stage, according to the mayor, the land will need some years to recover, of course, with some measures required. “It is mechanically turbulent, which allows rainwater to flow into it and settle into deeper substrates. It is a one-time process and it can be repeated,” Markus explained.
After this cover, the soil will be planted with a special seed mixture, consisting of legumes, such as alfalfa, as well as turnip, bundles, or various types of grass. These alleged crops will not be harvested. During the next four to five year period, when these plants are still cultivated, the desired restoration of the natural properties of the soil will take place.
In an area that is permanently filled with mixes, farmers can then grow a target crop, such as grain, corn, or grass for grazing. “Although it may seem from the layman’s point of view that the mixture will deprive the target crop of nutrients, the opposite is true. These plants enrich the soil, but unlike synthetic fertilizers they occur naturally. For example, legumes ensure nitrogen absorption. Much more efficient than mineral fertilizers, ”explains urban landscape painter Lucy Radelova, who has also been involved in setting principles for farmers.
She also added that these methods are proven in practice and are being used with success, for example, in Austria.
According to the new rules, the soil should not be plowed in order to avoid the destruction of soil fungi important to the permeability of the topsoil. All chemical fertilization has a stalk, only once in a while it is desirable to spread the compost in the field.
Farmers: We only have information from the media
However, ordinary growers do not rejoice in the news, although they do not want to comment too much on the topic. “For us, these principles are useless and will not bring us anything at all. But I do not like to comment on them, because no one has officially informed us of them yet, and we have not discussed them. We have learned the information from ZP Ostrov,” said Miroslav Sheha, an agricultural engineer at ZP Ostrov from Ostrov nad Oslavo. Through the media. “
According to him, the company still has an existing lease agreement with the city, and no change has occurred.
The Saar administration asserted that the aim was definitely not to change the situation overnight. “Notice periods of contracts vary according to the order of years. However, it will always be a discussion. We do not want to establish new conditions aggressively, we consider it more as a process that should gradually lead to the fact that the farmers themselves will deal with the land more sensitively,” said Marcous.
If the current tenants do not join the new system, the city council expects to find a different-minded farmer. The higher costs of land renewal should be compensated for and will be reflected in the rental or rent amount.
The city is investing in the regions
The city owns about 103 hectares of farmland. These are areas around Saar – for example near the Vetelská Basin System, Staviště Dam, or near the village of Vysoké. These lands are leased by Žďárští to five larger and smaller agricultural entities, the aforementioned ZP Ostrov, as well as the Otakar Beran farms, the Agro Měřín group, the Nové Město na Moravě agricultural cooperative and the Staviště agricultural trade cooperative.
The city plans to continue investing in its agricultural areas. “For example, we are trying to break up large soils by restoring squares, alleys and grass strips, which should ensure water capture, prevent erosion, and last but not least, provide shade,” added the mayor of Sar nad Sazavu.
Since the city is involved in many projects related to landscape care and cooperates with universities (for example, with Masaryk, Mendel and South Bohemian Universities – Editor’s Note), the resulting impact of the procedure will be monitored and scientifically evaluated. Seminars and more public awareness are being prepared on these topics.