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Sharing of fish stocks between the European Union and the United Kingdom

Fishing quotas in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement

The Trade and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the terms under which the European Union and the United Kingdom can set their own terms Individual rights to hunt in their respective waters. According to the agreement, it should be 25% of fishing opportunities in the EU In UK waters between 2021 and 2026, it was gradually transferred to the UK fleet.

The Parties also agree to ensure that fishing activities for common stocks in their waters are:

  • It was long term environmentally sustainable
  • supported Fishermen’s livelihood.

Part of the agreement Fishing Vessel Licensing System, on the basis of which mutual access to water is granted.

It is listed in Annex 35 of the Convention Fish Stock Listwhich is a shared resource. It contains approximately 100 fish stocks in the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.

They agree For each common fish stock established Percentages Assigned to both the European Union and the United Kingdom. Under the terms of the agreement, both parties annually hanging Consultation In order to identify each type of fish Total Allowed Catch and their respective fishing opportunities, taking into account the percentages stipulated in the agreement.

Council Role

Fishing opportunities for common stocks were negotiated and determined annually for many years at the Agriculture and Fisheries Council in December. After the new agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom, the fishing opportunities for stocks jointly managed by the two parties Determined through consultations between the parties under international law.

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The European Commission is consulted by the European Commission. The board remains fully informed It is involved in the entire consultation process.

The role of the council is:

  • supply A committee directions Regarding the position of the European Union in the consultations by receiving regularly updated information on the progress of the negotiations
  • Before the official conclusion of consultations with the United Kingdom authorize Final agreement on annual shares.

Bilateral Consultations 2021-2022

In accordance with the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, consultations were held on fishing quotas for joint stocks for 2021 and stocks of deep-sea species for 2021 and 2022 after the ratification of the agreement.

In February 2021, the European Commission adopted a proposal Council resolution on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in bilateral consultations with the United Kingdom with a view to agreeing quotas for 2021 and for certain deep sea fish stocks for 2021 and 2022. Proposal adopted by the Council on 5 March 2021 and confirmed policy fileThey should be followed for consultation, which includes:

  • Compliance Guarantee International commitments and commitments
  • Seeks to ensure that quotas are set in accordance with the objective of the Common Fisheries Policy related to Maximum sustainable returnSo that the fishing is long-term environmentally sustainable It is managed in a way that ensures Jobs and livelihoods
  • Try to select quotas based on The best scientific advice available Where such advice is not available, according to the principle of proportionality precautionary approach In the field of fisheries
  • Efforts to establish a quota transfer mechanism that will ensure Equal chancesEmphasizing the need for a flexible and practical mechanism to allow transfers between member states and the United Kingdom during the year
  • Need Final confirmation by the council.
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The Commission consulted with its British counterpart on the basis of the guidance provided to EU Ministers through a decision of the Council. Five rounds of consultations took place from January to May.

Interim Agreements Reached between the European Union and the United Kingdom on June 2, 2021. The agreement sets TACs for 75 common fish stocks for 2021 and for certain stocks of deep-sea species for 2021 and 2022. It also covers some species outside quotas. Agreement guarantees Hunting opportunities for both EU and UK fleets in EU and UK waters by the end of 2021.

rad Following submission of the preliminary agreement by the Commission to an informal video conference of Fisheries Ministers on 9 June Agree to the agreement.

This agreement marks an important moment in EU-UK relations and sets a strong precedent for future negotiations with the UK over fishing opportunities. It provides clarity and stability for those involved in the fisheries sector, while ensuring that marine resources continue to be used in a sustainable manner.

Ricardo Serao Santos, Portuguese Minister of Maritime Affairs

With Council approval, the agreement will now be implemented into EU law. It will be established in accordance with the Trade and Cooperation Agreement Fisheries Specialized Committee, which finalizes some outstanding issues, including quota exchange and some technical measures, which are not fully specified in the agreement.

Temporary quotas for 2021

In December 2020, EU ministers agreed to Temporary and limited fishing opportunities For the first three months of 2021, when the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement has yet to be signed. The purpose of the temporary quotas was to allow EU fleets to continue fishing until a final agreement was reached.

The provisional quota included the relative maintenance of fishing opportunities for 2020 during the first three months of 2021. Ministers agreed, on the basis of seasonality and scientific advice, on some Exceptions for a number of residents.

At the Agriculture and Fisheries Council in March 2021, ministers agreed to extend temporary fishing opportunities Until July 31, 2021 In order to ensure the continuous fishing activity of the EU fleets so that the final fishing opportunities can be determined.