About four thousand years ago, a young woman with luxurious equipment was buried in Mikołowice near Pardubice. Scientists have now succeeded in creating a true form of DNA analysis. Mikulov cemetery is considered one of the richest cemeteries in Europe in terms of jewelry that people buried. Of particular interest are amber ornaments. Almost 900 of them were found here, while amber, according to archaeologists, comes from abroad, most likely from the Baltic region.
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The woman, who was buried 4,000 years ago near Pardubice, had a smaller figure, smooth skin, brown hair, widely spaced brown eyes and a distinctive chin.
| Photo: Courtesy of Moravian Museum
Archaeologists near Mikulovic discovered several groups of skeletal tombs between 2007 and 2009. It soon became apparent that the burials were very rich in funeral equipment. The research provided a wealth of information about the period around 2000 BC, when bronze mining and far-reaching trade developed in Central Europe.
“At this critical time, the region of present-day Bohemia, associated with the so-called archaeological Unitech culture, along with the regions of southern England and southeastern Spain, was one of the most developed regions of the European continent, and its inhabitants set the tone for the social, economic and political development throughout Europe. the wider central. Museum director Jerry Mitacic said.
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Amber from the Baltic Sea on a woman’s necklace is evidence of wealth and long-distance trade. “This is a one-of-a-kind piece of jewelry that is unparalleled in this period,” said archaeologist Michal Erne of the Archaeological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.
The woman died at the age of 35, she probably was born and lived all her life near Mikulovici, which at that time, according to the archaeologist, may have been a focal point on the long-distance trade route. She was a smaller woman with some masculine features – a distinct chin and wide eyes. In addition to the necklace, she also had five bronze bracelets, three bronze brooches, and two gold earrings.
Reconstruction of women’s appearance, including replicas of all jewelry, will be used by the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic for promotional purposes at various short-term events and exhibitions.