Oct. 12, 2021/People’s Daily Online/ The Shenzhou-13 manned mission has entered the preparation phase for launch. Three astronauts will board the Shenzhou-13 manned spacecraft to the Chinese space station to begin a six-month mission. “The Chinese space station will swim in space for 10 to 15 years, or longer. It will become a national space laboratory,” said Hao Chun, director of China’s Manned Space Engineering Office. The spacecraft’s crew is expected to stay in orbit for 183 days, which is the typical time astronauts would spend in future missions in orbit.
By next year, China will launch the “Wentian” and “Mengtian” compartments of the space station, in addition to launching two cargo spacecraft and two manned spacecraft. Thus, China will be able to complete the construction of its space station next year, according to Hao Chun.
It is reported that China has sent 12 astronauts as part of 15 space flights from Shenzhou 5 to Shenzhou 12. Current reports say that the crew of the Shenzhou-13 spacecraft is expected to include a female astronaut.
Prior to that, Chinese astronauts Liu Yang and Wang Yaping had participated in previous Chinese space missions. Liu Yang was the first Chinese female astronaut to undertake a space mission, and Wang Yaping participated in the Shenzhou 10 mission. Many netizens speculated that Wang Yaping would undertake a mission on the Shenzhou-13 flight.
Wang Xiang, commander-in-chief of China’s manned space station system, says astronauts on the space station should have three astronauts at all times. Where the station has different work sections for the three pioneers, and they have to carry out different tasks and scientific experiments. Wang Xiang said the astronauts will conduct three types of space experiments during their mission: space experiments; space technology experiments; and biomedical experiments.
Space technology experiments can monitor different properties of matter under cosmic rays and in a zero-gravity environment. These experiments are useful in studying how to build more advanced spacecraft, and satellites can be built and launched inside the space station. The third category of experiments is biological and medical experiments, especially human medicine. By studying the reactions of the human body in space, only in this way can we provide the necessary guarantees and better adapt to space.
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