Translation and preparation: Dr. Ezzedine Enaya
What does it mean today for a country to participate in the conquest of space and insist on possessing the latest capabilities and capabilities in this field? It is not just a scientific extravagance as might come to mind. Our Arab region is that the Arabs did not stay out of this race. Rather, the Arab capabilities represented in the United Arab Emirates were able to achieve honorable results with their own capabilities and local capabilities, which gives hope and enhances confidence in the Arab mind.
In this article, Italian physicist and journalist Silvia Camisasca tries to trace the human plan to change his place of residence and leave his first cradle towards other horizons. Perhaps it was out of imagination, longing and dream, but the matter in our time has become a tangible reality that requires only more toil and effort to reach it.
“Earth is the cradle of man, but no one can always remain in the cradle.” These were the words that motivated the Russian physicist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, the inventor of rockets (1890), who turned his house into a laboratory for aerodynamics, and the man was received in scientific forums with suspicion, and was counted in That time is closer to the madmen than to the sane! Nevertheless, he did not stop presenting his dreamy theories about space stations and rockets, which penetrate the astronomical field and take people on a cosmic tour. Orbit” by Jules Gabriel Verne his imaginary alien world. But the “dreamer of Kaluga,” in the words of Nikola Renin, is a mathematician and physicist, very rigorous: at the first level he calculates the speed required for the spacecraft to achieve the required gravity and reach the stars, and like him we encounter many personalities in history such as Leonardo da Vinci, Nikola Tesla and Wernherr von Braun, Those who have managed to take a journey back in time are sharpened by their creative imagination.
In “Project Mars”, von Braun, the inventor of the first rocket carrying astronauts on the moon, presents his plan to conquer the Red Planet with a fleet of spacecraft, turning it into a science fiction novel. The German scientist who became the creator of the American space program, To accurately describe life in the new colonies, imagining huge rockets and crammed bases with a new generation of scientists, engineers and biologists.
In fact, we are at the beginning of a historic transformation at all levels, especially in the field of space dynamics, engineering and economics, and especially with regard to staying in another world, away from planet Earth, as Vittorio Nati, a researcher at the International Center for Space Engineering asserts. In Houston, “Foresight the future with imagined flights is an important step to build it, as it is like taking a journey in unknown waters, with the aim of reaching a target that no one has seen.” For this reason, the next generation missile technologies are taught at CIXA, the largest global research center in aerospace engineering. For space missions with a human crew, because living and inhabiting a planet other than our planet is no longer something of the imagination.
For more than twenty years, we have not lived together on the same planet, because a number of humans in the International Space Station have been permanently in orbit since 2000, and since 2017, with the launch of the Artemis program at NASA, planning for the return of humans began. (and for the first time a woman) to the surface of the moon, with the purpose of staying and staying there.
To achieve this goal, a phased road map has been drawn up, starting with the first expedition in 2024, followed by the establishment of permanent structures with the year 2028, and if walking on the surface of the moon is part of what humans have accomplished, the processes of habitation and stability require overcoming a series of challenges, Starting with the calculations of the human factor, by putting human physiology and psychology to the test with the environment of the moon, which permanently shakes the psychological, physical and emotional balance of humans, we are facing the challenge of radiation, forms of pressure, lack of oxygen and absence of weight, and nothing that is external compatible with life, At least human life, as well as nothing that helps the easy living of the human being.
To ensure survival in a different environment, the International Space Station should produce mini-ecosystems that contain all the necessities that help space scientists to stay, and reduce as much as possible the replenishment from Earth, and vital support systems (or life-sustaining systems in the “NASA dictionary”) are in At present it is able to recycle an important percentage of what is on board, almost a total of 90 percent of water and 40 percent of oxygen, and in addition to this, the permanent consumption of resources can be compensated for by controlling materials on the site, there are solutions to use moon sand and water from the polar fields to build surface bases In the same way that cement and mortar are mixed, building on the moon means reinventing engineering, not just building techniques, and to mention, at the beginning of the space exploration programs, in 1960, NASA commissioned a multidisciplinary team of artists and designers. And engineers to imagine the future of man in space: “The goal was to embody and activate what the scientists imagined up to that moment.”
From that experience, some proposals were generated regarding the construction of Biennale balls and O’Neill cylinders, and to this extent giant orbital cities were theoretically established capable of exploiting their own rotation to create an attraction similar to Earth’s gravity. On the other hand, the Russian engineer Galina Balashova designed space stations for the Soviet Agency, and the ability of engineers and designers to The future represents an essential source for space agencies, and finally for private companies working in the field. At the end of the eighties, NASA engineer Getty Gettmacher designed the “Dome of the International Space Station,” the station’s largest windows for viewing Earth from, and it is still one of the favorite places for astronauts, who can Spend her free time on the space station.
Thirty years later, NASA commissioned Axiom Space in Houston to build the first commercial space station, so it invited designer Philippe Starck to plan the interior, to launch SpaceX, through private flights, space tourism, by taking a generation of non-specialist astronauts. It is not mandated by governments, and as expected, this achievement will open the door wide for an unprecedented revolution in space technology.
The rules for Mars and the fleets of passenger ships linking Earth and celestial bodies imagined by von Braun are not a far-fetched dream: they are a gateway to a new world of space exploration, something that invites a generation of professionals to map the navigation of contemporary times. He wrote it down in “Cosmos”: “The discovery in our mountain.. We started like loafers and are still.. We stayed for a long time on the shores of the cosmic ocean.. Finally, we are ready to launch towards the stars.”
* The article was published in the Italian newspaper “Aveneri” on February 19, 2021
“Proud twitter enthusiast. Introvert. Hardcore alcohol junkie. Lifelong food specialist. Internet guru.”