Chinese robotic vehicle Zhuong successfully left the landing unit on Saturday and headed to the surface of Mars for the first time. Reuters reported. The spacecraft landed on the surface of the Red Planet exactly a week ago, then put the rover back on so it could descend the cliff and start its mission.
China It became only the second country after the United States to bring a device to the surface of Mars that would then function properly. According to Reuters, this is the first time that a country has been able to put a satellite in orbit during its first mission to Mars and at the same time successfully land on the surface using a research vehicle.
The Chinese Mars mission to Tiananmen began last July with a launch from the China Wenchang Space Center on Hainan Island. After less than seven months in flight, the spacecraft – made up of a satellite, a lander and a robotic spacecraft – successfully reached a specific orbit around Mars in February.
The satellite will remain in orbit and explore the planet from above using, among other things, high-resolution cameras, a spectrometer, magnetometer and special radar designed to map ice. It will also provide communication with the rover, whose equipment includes, in addition to cameras, tools for geological survey and climate research, as well as powerful radar that searches for potential pockets of water below the surface. On Earth, microbial life is found in such pockets.
The Chinese rover operates in the Utopia Planitia region, on a plain in the Northern Hemisphere, which according to previous surveys may have been covered in lava and possibly permafrost. The US spacecraft Viking 2 landed in this region in 1976. There are now three US missions operating on the surface of Mars – the Insight module and the Curiosity rover, the most recent of which is the Perseverance, which landed in February of this year.