Detection analysis huge skull A fossil at least 140,000 years old left a new species of ancient humans, which could change the prevailing views of how the human race evolved.
Scientists who analyzed the skull, which they called “Dragon Man”, found that there is a new breed that may resemble modern humans, in a way that exceeds the famous “Neanderthals” that dates back to 350 thousand years.
Commenting on this discovery, which was published in the journal The Innovation on Friday, study author Dr. Qiang Jie of Hebei Jiu University said, according to what was reported by “The New York Times.” .
ancient human traits
He added, “Harbin’s skull presents a mosaic of primitive and derivative characters that separates itself from all other species previously called Homo sapiens, as well as displaying typical archaic human traits.”
The huge skull of a man of about 50 years old can contain a brain the size of a modern human.
In addition, the study showed that the skull does not contain two large square eye sockets, thick forehead edges, a wide mouth, and large teeth.
This skull was found 85 years ago during the Japanese occupation of China, and is currently in the Museum of Earth Sciences at Hebei Jiu University of China.
Denisovans anthropomorphic (Reuters)
The ancient fossil, which was preserved almost completely, was known as the “Skull of Harbin”, after the name of the city in which it was discovered in Heilongjiang Province, in the far north of China.
In addition, scientists believe that it belongs to a man who lived in an environment full of forests and floodplains as part of a small community whose members lived like Homo sapiens on hunting mammals and birds.
These individuals were gathering fruits and vegetables and possibly catching fish, said Dr. Xijun Ni, professor of primitive zoology and palaeoanthropology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Hebei Jiu University.
146 thousand years
Using a series of geochemical analyses, Ji and Ni and their team date the Harbin fossil to at least 146,000 years ago, the Middle Ice Age.
It is noteworthy that in recent years, studies of fossil DNA revealed another human-like strain, which is the Denisovans.
The DNA came largely from isolated teeth, chipped bones, and even dirt. But these remains are not enough to show what a Denisovan looked like.
The most promising fossils found so far that could be evidence of Denisovans came from a cave in Tibet.
Its skull was characterized by a huge jaw with strong molars, and it dates back to at least 160,000 years.
In 2019, scientists isolated the proteins from the jaw, revealing their molecular structure to belong to Denisovans, not modern humans or Neanderthals.
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