The country must be officially led by a new generation, which Raul Castro, 80, declared at the start of the four-day CPC congress is “full of passion and anti-imperialist spirit.” But Castro also added that he would remain available as a “revolutionary warrior for the rest of his life.” Diaz-Canel, who has presided over Cuba since April 2018, also said at the conference that he would continue to consult with his predecessor on strategic issues for the country’s future.
Many Cubans do not expect a practical change from the Communist Party leadership, because they have not seen it since the new 2019 constitution, which devoted private enterprise but retains the leading role of the party’s Central Committee, which ruled Cuba as the only party that allowed more. Half a century ago.
Already under the leadership of Raul Castro, who led the country from 2006 to 2018 and was Minister of Defense from 1959 to 2008, some things have changed in Cuba, for example Cubans can do business in private and have access to a more accessible internet, and from 2018 also on cell phones. The new constitution of 2019 enshrined the role of the market, but emphasized that the country’s socialist system is irreversible and that the Communist Party has a leadership role.
Cuba is now facing its worst economic crisis in 30 years, with shortages of food and basic goods. And the economic embargo imposed by the United States in the 1960s to bring about the fall of the communist government, as well as the Covid-19 pandemic, which restricted tourist travel to this country that depends on tourism.