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The first president of Kazakhstan reveals the reasons for the disintegration of the Soviet Union

Sputnik Alexei Nikolsky

First Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev

Today, Saturday, the first President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, reviewed his vision of the reasons that led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union in late 1991.

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Nazarbayev said in statements to the Russian TV channel Rossiya 24 that one of the main reasons for the collapse of the Soviet state was the depletion of resources on which the socialist economic system depended, adding that those responsible for the country’s economy should have paid attention to this problem and dealt with it by making the necessary adjustments to the management of economic life.

He pointed out that making these changes required strict discipline, a solid system and strong leadership in the country, but the ruling elites lacked these qualities, unlike what happened in China, where the government succeeded in carrying out economic reforms while maintaining a strong state.

When referring to the turmoil in the Baltic republics (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania), during that period, Nazarbayev considered that these republics were an “artificial annex” to the Soviet Union, and the standard of living in them was higher than in all other Soviet republics.

Finally, he pointed out that Soviet Russia’s adoption of the “Declaration of Independence” on June 12, 1990 came as a signal to other republics encouraging them to follow Russia’s example, which opened the door to the disintegration of the united state.

On December 25, 1991, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev announced the end of his work in this position, after the presidents of three Soviet republics, Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, signed, on December 8, an agreement on ending the existence of the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States as an entity open to all former Soviet republics. And other countries that share the Association’s goals and principles.

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Source: “Novosti”