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علم الرجال .. "أبو حنيفة" أول من دون علم التشريع وأول الأئمة الأربعة

The knowledge of men.. “Abu Hanifa” is the first without knowledge of legislation and the first of the four imams

Imam Abu Hanifa al-Numan is considered one of the most famous scholars of jurisprudence, and he is the first of the four imams, and his school is the first in jurisprudence in Egypt, and the owner of the Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence, nicknamed in the Arab Islamic heritage as “the Great Imam,” famous for his knowledge Al-Ghazir and his good manners.

His name is Abu Hanifa al-Numan bin Thabit bin Marzban al-Kufi, born in Kufa in the year 80 AH 699 AD, according to a narration Historians unanimously agree on it, and there is a dispute over determining its ethnic affiliation, as there are multiple accounts, one of which is that he is from The origin is Persian, and this narration is circulated and well-known, and in another it is from the Nabataeans of Iraq, Babylonian, which is what I preferred A number of academic studies, which proved his Arabness and that he is of Arab origin according to Arab historians, and he was devoted to The profession of trade, so his father and grandfather were merchants, then he turned to science and was a jurist and a scholar and the first of the four imams According to the Sunnis and the group, and the owner of the Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence

He was famous for his good manners, to the extent that Imam al-Shafi’i said about him: Whoever wants to delve into jurisprudence is dependent on him. Abu Hanifa, and Abu Hanifa is considered one of the followers, as he met a number of companions, including Anas bin Malik.

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Abu Hanifa grew up in Kufa, one of the cities of Iraq in which scholars of different sects and laws are spread in this environment Rich in knowledge and scholars, so he began arguing with the polemicists since his youth, then turned to seeking knowledge, and began to disagree He went to the circles of scholars, and turned to the study of jurisprudence after reviewing the known sciences of that era His sheikh Hammad bin Abi Suleiman learned jurisprudence from him until Hammad died in the year 120 AH, so Abu Hanifa chaired the circle of his sheikh Hammad in the Kufa mosque, and began studying his students the fatwas presented to him, until The development of that jurisprudential method from which the Hanafi school of thought was derived.

It was narrated on the authority of Imam Abu Hanifa that he said: I take the Book of God Almighty, and if I do not find it, then it is in the Sunnah of the Messenger of God May God’s prayers and peace be upon him, if I did not find it in the Book of God or in the Sunnah of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace May God’s prayers and peace be upon him, I took the words of the Companions, I took the words of whomever of them you liked, and left the words of whomever you liked among them. I do not deviate from their saying to the saying of others, so if the matter ends with Ibrahim, Al-Sha’bi, Ibn Sirin and Al-Hasan And Ataa and Saeed bin Al-Musayyib – and a number of men – so people worked hard, and they worked hard as they did hard.

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The first ordeals occurred to Imam Abu Hanifa in the era of the Umayyad dynasty, and the reason for this was that he stood with the revolution of Imam Zayd. bin Ali, and refused to work for the governor of Kufa, Yazid bin Omar bin Hubayrah, so the governor imprisoned him and beat him. The ordeal ended with his exodus to Mecca in 130 AH, and he remained there until the Abbasid caliphate became. He presented Kufa during the time of the Abbasid Caliph Abu Jaafar al-Mansur.

The second ordeal was in the era of the Abbasid state, and the reason for this was that he stood with the revolution of Imam Muhammad the pure soul. He was vocal in violating al-Mansur in his goals when he asked for a fatwa, and when Abu Jaafar al-Mansur called him to take over the judiciary, he refused. So he asked him to be the judge of the judges, but he refused, so he imprisoned him until he died in Baghdad in the year 150 AH. He was buried in the al-Khayzaran cemetery in Baghdad, and the Great Imam Mosque was built next to his grave in 375 AH.