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الصورة: د. أيمن سمير

The nuclear race … a frantic struggle and a massive expense

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Despite the world’s success in maintaining the number of nine “nuclear club” countries, the competition to increase the number and capabilities of nuclear weapons is increasing every day, with the heat of competition and conflict between nuclear powers without entering new countries. Russia and the United States have about 14,500 atomic bombs, more than 90% of those nuclear weapons, and 1,150 in the other seven countries (Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel, and North Korea), according to statistics from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in Washington.

The Pentagon believes that China is the fastest-growing country in terms of its nuclear arsenal in terms of numbers and destructive power, after China said it would reach 700 atomic bombs in 2027 and 1,000 in 2030.

Pre-2020 estimates put China at only 400 bombs by the end of 2030, perhaps prompting British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to publicly announce last March that the United Kingdom would increase the number of its atomic bombs. From 180 bombs to 240 nuclear weapons, so where does the world go in light of the increasing number of atomic bombs known as the “Hell Club” atom? How can we work to alleviate tensions and conquer wisdom in order to preserve human civilization from extinction?

Nuclear mystery

The policy of the nuclear powers is based on the policy of “nuclear ambiguity” and does not reveal the extent to which they have achieved in developing nuclear bombs, but was announced in December 2017 by former US President Donald Trump in his National Security Strategy. He will develop nuclear weapons and allocate $ 100 billion in the 2018 budget – 2019 for this purpose, with the aim of transforming American nuclear weapons from “preventive” weapons to “operational” weapons, i.e. the destruction of an entire city or a large area, as happened with the use of old nuclear weapons in Nagasaki and Hiroshima. , But the new development aims to “reduce” the bombs, which could be used against the advance of the military or in certain areas, for this reason, the U.S. In February 2020, the military conducted nuclear weapons exercises at a strategic base in Nebraska in the presence of members of Congress, and in the view of the previous US administration, with consistent readiness to use nuclear weapons, he called it “nuclear.” Peace “prevents what he calls the” false beliefs “of America’s enemies that it will not use nuclear weapons.

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First hit

The Biden administration is preparing for a heated debate over whether to accept or reject the US plan to abandon the so-called “first nuclear attack” or “preventive strike.” And Washington’s allies in Europe, Japan and South Korea reject it, arguing that abandoning the “first strike” principle would encourage Russia and China to abide by nuclear rules or agreements, and abandoning the first strike policy. Abandonment of “early strike”

Of course, rather than wasting money on nuclear bombs, the world must unite and raise funds to meet the challenges facing humanity, such as epidemics, inflation and climate change.