The news was full during the week. The Caribbean island of Barbados became a republic. Queen Elizabeth II. Barbados lost. The Queen, as president of Barbados, was replaced by Sandra Mason as the island’s first president. So were the headlines around the world.
The pictures showed the new president and the Queen’s eldest son, Charles, Prince of Wales, who attended the ceremony, which was held in the center of the capital, Bridgetown. Like one of the most famous residents of Barbados, pop star Rihanna.
It happened on Tuesday, November 30, at midnight local time, when an island in the eastern part of the Lesser Antilles, discovered by the Portuguese in 1536 and named after tall vines of beard-like fig trees, became a new republic.
By the way, on the exact day 55 years after this former British colony gained its independence from the United Kingdom. The current change is thus largely symbolic, Barbados has remained a sovereign nation for more than half a century.
In addition, the newly elected President is the Lady who led Barbados for years as a Governor General, and the woman who has so far represented the Queen in that country. He has been doing his job since 2012.
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. She congratulated the people of Barbados with the greetings she shared on the official Twitter account of Buckingham Palace.
Barbados has been a British colony since 1625, and the first eighty British settlers arrived two years later. It should be noted that Barbados has enjoyed extensive internal autonomy for centuries, and its parliament, called the House of Representatives, founded in 1639, is the third oldest parliament in the Western Hemisphere.
The island nation became an important source of sugar to the English and European markets since the mid-17th century, but it was also the center of the transatlantic slave trade. The current population is about 300,000, overwhelmingly of African descent and descendants of the colonial enslaved population of the African continent.
The Barbados government announced its intention to change the constitution and make the constitutional monarchy a republic headed by a president last September, after which Parliament approved the move.
The current transformation of Barbados is not as revolutionary for the Queen as it might seem. In the past, Queen Elizabeth II. She repeatedly experienced a situation in which she was replaced by the president. The last time this happened was in 1992, in the case of the island of Mauritius.
The Caribbean last experienced a similar event in the 1970s, when the republics were Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago and later Dominica, which also formerly belonged to the British Crown.
After all, Prince Charles has now arrived in Barbados for the handover ceremony not only as a representative of the Queen, who has not traveled abroad for many years, but also as her successor at the head of more than fifty Commonwealth countries.
This free association of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and its former colonies and dominions and the territories and dependent territories under the administration of the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand still amounts to 2.4 billion people. He remained a member of Barbados even after the conversion from a constitutional monarchy to a republic.
In addition to the United Kingdom, the British monarch is now respected as head of state in 14 states (recognized as head of the Commonwealth by all of its members).
In some of these countries, the British monarch is recognized as such, the British monarch, respectively. But it also in a few cases bears the title of King of the country in question, as in Australia or Canada (for example, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia). These countries are also referred to as the Commonwealth realms.
In addition to the United Kingdom, this list currently includes Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Belize, Grenada, Jamaica, Canada, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.
As Bloomberg noted this week, the islands’ desire for independence is growing, especially in the Caribbean. Here are nine of the fifteen countries that recognize the British Queen as head of state. According to some analysts, the current change may lead to discussion of similar proposals in other former British colonies, where Elizabeth II is the head of state, including Jamaica, Australia and Canada.
However, not everyone in Barbados is identified with the new organization of the island nation. As global agencies reported during the week, some Bridgetown residents admitted shortly before the ceremony that they were confused about what the change would mean and how it would affect them. The change in the state system in Barbados occurred without a referendum.
“They should leave Queen Elizabeth – to leave her as leader. I don’t understand why we should be a republic,” Sean Williams, 45, told Reuters. A similar opinion was expressed by many other islanders, where Queen Elizabeth II enjoys deep respect and appreciation. In 1966, the Queen and her husband visited the island and received a stormy welcome.Later, Prince Charles visited the island country repeatedly.
“It is time to completely abandon the colonial past,” President Sandra Mason said some time ago, adding that the transition to the Republic should not be seen as an indictment of anyone. According to her, Barbados is looking forward to an ongoing relationship with the British Queen, who, according to the newly elected president, is still very popular on the island and with whom Sandra Mason personally met in the past.
Sandra Mason, 72, has been the island’s Governor-General since January 2018, having been elected once in 2012. In addition to this, this attorney has more than an impressive career profile; She previously served as a judge and also served as ambassadors in Venezuela, Colombia, Chile and Brazil.
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