“Explorer Rashid”, the UAE mission to explore the moon, collects solar energy using cells “photovoltaic panels”, with the aim of providing sufficient energy to achieve the project’s goals, while facing a number of challenges that the engineers of the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center are working to overcome.
The Emirati explorer, who will set out for his destination by the end of 2022, will face many challenges related to the difficult environment on the surface of the moon, as the moon is characterized by an environment harsher than that of Mars, and the temperature reaches 173 degrees Celsius below zero, while the characteristics of the difficult lunar soil and the thermal properties of surface structures emerge. And other factors that may pose challenges to the mission of the explorer.
The focus of the scientific team of experts and engineers at the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center is to develop an explorer capable of overcoming potential obstacles, including the difficulty of landing on the surface of the moon, which is considered one of the most difficult space exploration missions due to the accuracy required for the success of the operation, with a success rate of 45% Just.
The “Explorer Rashid” relies on solar panels to generate its energy, while it will carry 4 cameras that move vertically and horizontally, including two main cameras, a microscope camera, and a thermal imaging camera, in addition to sensors and systems equipped to analyze the properties of soil, dust, radioactive and electrical activities and rocks on the moon’s surface.
It will also include a system to enhance the efficiency of the adhesion of the navigator’s wheels to the lunar surface, facilitate the process of overcoming natural barriers, and a robust structure to protect devices and engines from temperature changes.
The explorer is equipped with sensors and systems manufactured according to the highest levels of accuracy to analyze the properties of soil and dust on the surface of the moon, especially radiative and electrical movements, in addition to an analytical study of the nature of rocks, especially that the scientific and technical equipment supplied to the explorer will study new phenomena for the first time.
Among them are the reasons that lead to dust sticking to astronauts’ suits, monitoring temperatures on different types of soil and comparing the results.
The navigator is expected to send at least 1,000 images, including images of the landing on the surface of the moon, the first surface images, and night images of the Earth, thermal, and self-images, in addition to sending navigation data, which includes flight time and surface data on the surface of the Moon, temperatures, consumption energy.
The explorer is designed and built with 100% Emirati efforts, so that the UAE will be the fourth country in the world to participate in the missions of exploring the moon for scientific purposes through an explorer developed by a team of Emirati engineers, experts and researchers at the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center.
While the Emirates project to explore the moon stems from scientific goals that include developing robotic techniques for exploration vehicle systems, studying new sites for the first time on the moon’s surface, in addition to studying and analyzing dust on the moon’s surface.
The missions of the Emirati explorer include conducting tests to study various aspects of the lunar surface, including lunar soil, thermal properties of surface structures, the lunar photoelectric envelope, and measurements of plasma, optoelectronics and dust particles located above the illuminated part of the lunar surface.
During the mission period, the Emirati explorer will roam the surface of the moon, traveling in new locations that have not been studied before, where he will capture rare data and images, and then send them to the ground control station at the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center.
In addition to testing technical devices and equipment that are being tried for the first time, related to robotics, communications, mobility and navigation, with the aim of determining the efficiency of their work in the harsh environment of the moon. And of high value.
The moon is an ideal platform for testing new technologies and equipment that will be used in the future in outer space exploration missions, including Mars, as landing on the moon allows testing the exposure of sensors and other technologies to the space environment for long periods, and the explorer will test new technologies on the moon’s surface as it is the optimal environment for such These tests, and it is also closer to Earth, which will help test the capabilities of the Emirates before embarking on manned exploration missions to Mars.
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