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The UAE records a historic event with the mission of simulating space

The UAE records a historic event with the mission of simulating space

Amna Al Ketbi (Dubai)

Next July, the UAE will record a new achievement and a historical event that the Arabs are proud of and recorded by history, marking a decisive moment after the participation of Saleh Al-Amiri, the first Emirati pilot Arab simulator, in the mission to simulate the space “Sirius 21”, which lasted for 8 months in an environment completely isolated from the world. And it was implemented in Moscow, where Saleh Al-Amiri completed 226 days as part of the first Emirati mission to simulate life in space.
Space simulation missions are pivotal experiments that lay the foundations for the design and implementation of future space missions, while charting a roadmap for the exploration of Mars and other planets.
Dr. Farouk Al-Baz, a space scientist and geologist, head of the Center for Remote Sensing at Boston University, said that the presence of an Emirati astronaut on the “Sirius 21” mission is very important, explaining that it is a pride for Arab youth, and that the UAE leads Arab space missions.

  • Farouk El-Baz

Al-Baz explained that the UAE, during its course of developing the space sector, worked to qualify national cadres according to the finest international skills and expertise, in order to work in this sector with high efficiency, and as usual, it leads a new renaissance in our Arab world scientifically and technologically, while the Emirati youth, distinguished by their great capabilities, are based on this. The success of the previous projects he worked on in the space sector proved it.
Dr. Alaa Al-Nahry, Vice President of the Regional Center for Space Science and Technology – United Nations, said, during the past few years, the UAE has launched its programs aimed at exploring planets close to Earth, such as Mars and the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter, and one of the most important of these programs is the Emirates Space Simulation Project. Task No. 1 of the project is to study the effects of isolation on humans from a psychological and physiological point of view and on team dynamics in order to help prepare for long-term space exploration missions. The Sirius mission to simulate space comes as a continuation of the country’s vision to develop its knowledge-based economy. The 240-day mission ends on July 4, 2022.
He added: “The UAE participated with two astronauts, Saleh Al-Amiri as a primary candidate and Abdullah Al-Hammadi as a reserve candidate, in the first Emirati mission to simulate space in the ground experimental complex at the Institute of Medical and Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow for 8 months in space, in the first Emirati mission. To simulate life in space within the “Sirius 21” program, astronaut Saleh Al-Amiri was chosen for this mission, along with Oleg Blinov, Victoria Kirichenko and Ekaterina Krayakina from Russia, William Brown and Ashley Kowalski from the United States of America, where the “crew No. 1” Throughout the mission, 71 research and experiments were conducted, including 5 Emirati experiments from 4 universities in the country, in the ground experimental complex at the Institute of Medical and Biological Research at the Russian Academy of Sciences in the capital, Moscow, where the pioneers participating in “Sirius 21” were assigned certain tasks, they must They can be carried out without any contact with the outside world, in a way that perfectly simulates long space flights.

  • Alaa Al Nahri
    Alaa Al Nahri

Al-Nahry explained that the mission of space simulation serves the scientific community in solving complex problems that occur in outer space far from the Earth’s atmosphere, which helps integration processes in real time and realistic visualization of systems and improve realistic systems used in spacecraft to ward off risks that can occur away from Earth. And making sustainable strategic decisions that enable humanity to study events, situations and hypotheses without high risks and cost-effectiveness, and enable astronauts to simulate and experiment with complex systems on Earth.
On the importance of the UAE’s participation as a representative of the Arabs in these activities, Al Nahri said: The UAE changed the world’s view and respect for the Arab mentality, when it set out to establish the UAE Space Agency and the participation of developed countries in storming deep space, through the Hope Probe to study the Red Planet as the fifth country in the world. He pointed out that the participation aims to develop human cadres and support the space sector in the country, in cooperation with international space agencies, especially the American space agency “NASA”, the European space agency “ESA” and the Russian “Roscosmos”, and the revival of Arab glories by providing training and research space programs. For all the citizens of the Arab countries to advance their space programs and to revive the Arab glories in which the renaissance was achieved in Baghdad, by adopting the establishment of the first Arab satellite “Al Qamar 813”, which is the date of the beginning of the prosperity of the House of Wisdom in Baghdad during the reign of Al-Mamoun, the house that gathered scholars, translated knowledge and released energies It also aims to exchange experiences, opinions, ideas and information with participants from different countries of the world.
Dr. Mohammed Al-Asiri, CEO of the National Space Science Authority in the Kingdom of Bahrain, said: “Space simulation tasks in general have become a major component in the rehabilitation programs for astronauts, whether actual or future, and a fertile source of information for researchers and specialists in various fields of space science and related fields, whether Directly or indirectly, the “Sirius 21” program in particular has become one of the most famous programs in the space world. The great capabilities that this program provides make it one of the best simulation programs in the world, and the information provided by the program contributed to the formation of A better understanding of the environmental conditions in which astronauts will be present during real missions, which has helped engineers, doctors and scientists from various disciplines to develop many plans, products, and instructions to suit the real environmental conditions of future space missions.

  • Mohammed Al Asiri
    Mohammed Al Asiri

Al-Asiri added: We affirm our pride and pride in choosing the son of the Arab Gulf, Saleh Al-Amiri, to participate in this program, and we look forward to congratulating him on the successful completion of his participation in the coming weeks. It is possible to use these experiences in building Arab simulation programs that are distributed in stages commensurate with the age and experiences of the participants, until we gradually reach a stage where we have an Arab professional program that supports international efforts to qualify generations of future pioneers, in a way that ensures the sustainability of the relevant space programs and confirms the presence of Arabs in the space field .
He added: It is necessary to generalize the benefit from the participation of Saleh Al-Amiri, by implementing awareness lectures and listing the lessons learned from the participation, which will undoubtedly be enriched by linking the simulation environment with our Islamic teachings and our authentic Arab customs.
He added: “Such tasks result in a lot of information that can be used in carrying out various researches concerned with the physical and psychological health of astronauts, in addition to reviewing and designing many engineering designs and software related to systems for launching into space, docking and return, and many more, explaining that the huge investments in simulation programs It was developed for the purpose of developing actual space missions and protecting astronauts from any side effects that may affect them health or psychologically, in order to ensure the sustainability of space missions and to achieve maximum benefit from human space crews while maintaining their safety. Al-Asiri said: “Undoubtedly, the Arab participation in this international mission or any other international space missions is very important, as we are all witnessing the Arab efforts to go into space, which have been splendidly led by the sisterly United Arab Emirates for more than a decade, through many The impressive achievements culminated in the Hope Probe.
He continued, “These efforts will also continue by announcing new space missions and preparing groups of astronauts, including the first Arab Muslim woman. All this requires an Arab move to keep pace with global scientific development, especially since the space sector is a vital and dynamic sector characterized by its absorption of many sciences, which It makes it a fertile environment for scientific and intellectual advancement, the exchange of different knowledge, supports development and sustainable development, and enhances world peace.

  • Ghaleb Faour
    Ghaleb Faour

the future
Ghaleb Faour, Director of the National Council for Scientific Research in Lebanon, stressed that simulating space is very necessary before launching any mission into space to avoid damage and protect the lives of astronauts, explaining that modern technologies, in addition to the information collected from previous missions, allow creating conditions similar to the nature of The objectives to be explored, and most of the sensors that are used to photograph the Earth or explore other planets are tested under similar and extreme conditions.
He added: The UAE has an integrated strategy in the field of space and it seeks to develop space technology and benefit from it in the future, explaining that the UAE’s participation is natural because it leads pioneering projects in the field of space.

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Sirius 21 mission
The Sirius 21 mission is of great importance, given its positive impact in studying the reasons for maintaining the safety and health of astronauts during long-term space exploration flights. Long-term space exploration, studying the effects of stress from confinement and isolation on circulatory and skeletal muscle function of crew members, while on a mission measuring clinical, genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic indices.
Sirius 21 missions are used to conduct research to inform the future direction of human exploration of the solar system. Analog mission participants support NASA’s goals by participating in relevant and valuable scientific research.

the program
NASA’s Human Research Program is partnering with the Russian Institute of Biomedical Problems and the Ground Experimental Complex (NEK) to conduct a series of analog missions referred to as “SIRIUS” (Scientific Research International at Unique Earth Station) in Moscow, Russia and is used as an analog to isolation, confinement, and remote conditions in scenarios Exploration. These simulated missions may last anywhere from months to one year depending on specific studies. NASA is also researching healthy subjects to learn about the physiological and psychological effects of isolation and confinement on humans to help prepare for missions to the Moon and to Mars.