Dubai, United Arab Emirates (CNN) – In the 14th century there were leather shoes in Britain referred to as fowl heights called bowlines. In the Middle Ages, however, both men and women suffered from their fancy shoes because they made snowballs on the skulls of the feet.
This painful condition is common today, especially among women.
Paleopathologist Gina Ditmar was amazed to find evidence of tumors, formally known as the “Holoxus Valges”, among the skeletons she was looking for in a broader program of medieval life experience.
Ditmar, a researcher at the University of Aberdeen at the University of Cambridge, said: “There are degenerative changes in the bones of the legs.
A bunion forms when the big toe is tilted. The defect is often associated with high heels and short shoes, although other factors such as genetics also play a role.
Banyan is painful and makes balance very difficult.
Dietmar and his colleagues buried 177 skeletons in and around Cambridge, England, from the 11th to the 15th centuries.
The research team found that 27% of skeletons from the 14th and 15th centuries were affected by tumors, compared with just 6% from the 11th and 13th centuries.
Researchers say that in the thirteenth century AD new styles of clothing and footwear appeared in a wide range of fabrics and colors.
Shoes were dug in London and Cambridge in the late 14th century, indicating that almost every type of shoe was slightly pointed.
Although the 31.5 cm long is a well-preserved example in the London Museum, there are some shoes.
Ditmar said it was not clear if the shoes had heels.
He says materials such as wood, which can be made into heels, are not well preserved in the archeological record.
A study of skeletons from four different cemeteries around Cambridge found that wealthy, high-income people living in urban areas were more likely to develop tumors.
Signs of inflammation appeared only in the 3% skeletons in the rural cemetery on the outskirts of the city and in the 10% parish cemetery on the outskirts of the city, where many poor workers were buried.
Swelling was higher in men than in women.
Female skeletons were low in the study sample, Ditmar said, adding that the team could not tell if there was a gender divide.
The study also found that the skeletons of people over the age of 45 are more likely to show signs of fractures that usually occur as a result of falls.
For example, fractures in the upper extremities may indicate that a person has fallen forward.
Ditmar said: “Recent clinical research in patients with Holox vulgaris shows that the defect increases the difficulty of balance and increases the risk of falls in the elderly.
The study was published in the International Journal of Paleopathology.