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القوات البريطانية في أفغانستان محدودة القدرة.   أرشيفية

Two embarrassments await Britain and Europe after the fall of Kabul

The rapid fall of Afghanistan into the hands of the “Taliban” caused a lot of controversy in this event, which is expected to have many consequences around the world. In the United Kingdom and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), British researcher Therese Raphael says there are two fundamental dilemmas: one that can be urgent and the other that can have long-term consequences.

In a commentary published by Bloomberg News, Raphael pointed out the immediate dilemma of formulating a policy for asylum seekers in Afghanistan.

Boredom and resentment

Despite numerous calls for greater support from lawmakers and the media, asylum policy has been a contentious political issue for many years in both the United Kingdom and Europe because it does not take long for enormity. Will return to the beginning of any humanitarian crisis. Boredom and indifference, even resentment.

During the Syrian refugee crisis in 2015, German Chancellor Angela Merkel was praised abroad, but she faced harsh criticism at home for adopting an open door policy, during which more than a million refugees were accepted, most of them from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.

This not only diminished the popularity of his party, but also led to a border crisis within the European Union, which continues to have repercussions today. The refugee crisis also became a key pillar of the 2016 Brexit campaign.

At present, neither Europe nor Britain wants the same thing to happen again. Greece, which took the lead in accepting refugees in 2015, has made it clear that it does not want to become a gateway for Afghans leaving the Taliban.

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France is one of the countries to be wary of. Last Monday, President Emmanuel Macron, who has been actively campaigning for the presidency, spoke of the need to defend against “large flows of irregular immigration.”

Merkel, who will step down soon, is generous and reportedly supports the expulsion of 10,000 Afghans.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Wednesday reiterated his country’s “lasting” commitment to the people of Afghanistan, saying the state would receive 20,000 refugees. He called for international cooperation to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe.

During an emergency meeting of parliament he pointed out that his government’s focus was now on expelling the British and supporting local workers, and that the situation was now “stable” and that the Taliban movement was not hindering current efforts.

At the same time, he warned that a crisis would worsen under Taliban rule, and called for a new UN-led mission to the region.

As for the long-term challenge, Raphael sees it as how Britain and Europe have transformed the security relationship with the United States, which has changed dramatically.

After former President Donald Trump publicly questioned the possibilities of the coalition, it seemed that the election of Joe Biden would mark the beginning of a return to cooperation, but in reality this did not happen.

While one might argue about the cost of such interventions, the United States’ desire to lead some alliances to places such as Afghanistan or Iraq sent a message that the world’s rogue regimes have a sentinel, in one form or another. America is broad in its interests.

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Latvian Defense Minister Artis Pubriz briefly said that “this era is over.” Raphael’s withdrawal from Afghanistan – not only in the end, but also in the way Pitan was executed and defended – reflects a sharp decline in US influence, and points to a future without long – term peace or nation – building efforts.

Rafael stressed that this was a fact that should be taken into account in the foreign policy of Britain and its other NATO allies.

Innocent review

Paradoxically, the UK completed a multi-year study of its foreign and security strategy last March. The 114-page statement briefly touched on Afghanistan: “We will continue to support stability in Afghanistan within the framework of a broad coalition”, which later appeared naive.

British Secretary of Defense Ben Wallace said the United Kingdom wanted to continue its mission in Afghanistan. Turkey and Italy were also said to be interested, but there was a split between NATO and US allies. It is very unlikely that a small alliance would be possible without US air support.

Raphael hoped that Britain, currently the head of the Seven Groups, would lead a strong international humanitarian effort to help resettle the most vulnerable Afghanistan.

He said the UK must adapt to the limits of its limited military capabilities and the US appetite for intervention. This requires more emphasis on cooperation with Europe and the sharing of the burden, which will help bridge the gaps between Brexit and damaged confidence on both sides.

Rafael concluded his article by emphasizing that it would take a long time for the United States to repair the damage done to the region and its Western allies from Afghanistan. Meanwhile, Britain and its European allies need to consider the risks.

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After former President Donald Trump publicly questioned the possibility of an alliance with the West, it seemed that Joe Biden’s election would mark the beginning of cooperation, but this did not really happen.

While one could argue about the cost of the intervention, the US wants to lead some coalition to places like Afghanistan or Iraq, sending a message that there is a sentinel to the world’s rogue regimes, and that the US is broadly watching its interests.

Britain must adapt to the limits of its very limited military capabilities and its appetite for US intervention, which requires greater emphasis on cooperation and burden sharing with Europe.