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بالإجماع.. الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة تعتمد قرارا يقيد استخدام حق الفيتو

Unanimously… the United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution restricting the use of the veto

The United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution allowing it to meet within 10 days of the Security Council’s veto and hold a debate on the circumstances in which the veto was used, provided that the General Assembly has not met on the same subject, two years after Preparation and extensive consultations with Member States

The General Assembly adopted the resolution L.52 Entitled “Establishment of a permanent mandate to hold a debate in the General Assembly when the veto is used in the Security Council” according to the initiative presented two years ago, in the belief of a number of countries that the time has come for the General Assembly to take this important step to enhance the role entrusted to it in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, as the right of veto is An exceptional and rare privilege enjoyed by only five countries in the world since the creation of the United Nations in 1945, namely the United States, China, Russia, the United Kingdom and France.

Ambassador Christian Wenauser, Permanent Representative of Liechtenstein to the United Nations, said: “Liechtenstein began working on this initiative with a core group of States more than two years ago, out of growing concern that the Security Council was finding it increasingly difficult to carry out its work in accordance with its mandate under the UN Charter..”

He added, “There has never been a stronger need for effective multilateralism than it is today. Nor has there been a stronger need for innovation to secure the central role and voice of the United Nations in this regard.”.”

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The UN representative indicated that the draft resolution was submitted under the joint sponsorship of 83 countries, including the United States.

Ambassador Richard Mills, Deputy Permanent Representative of the United States to the United Nations, said that his country knows that the veto is controversial, as the United States sees the advantage of holding the General Assembly meeting automatically when the veto is used.”

In his speech, Russia’s Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Gennady Kuzmin, said that the issue of the veto for permanent members of the Security Council is a fundamental pillar in the structure of this organization, and without it, the Security Council will become a body whose decisions are questionable and the implementation of these decisions will be very difficult..

He said: “We are convinced that what is in need of veto is not the right of veto, but the willingness of some members of the Council to listen to others and take the opinions of others into consideration, pointing out that the inability to find a middle way and balance in decisions is what compels some members to use the right of veto.”.”

He stressed that it was the division of powers between the Security Council and the General Assembly that allowed the United Nations to play its role effectively for more than 75 years..

In the same context, many countries emphasized that the text of the resolution does not infringe on the mandate or functions of the Security Council, as the resolution’s handling of the issue of the veto is limited to what is related to the role and tasks of the General Assembly in accordance with its mandates under the Charter.

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Some countries indicated that the resolution would enhance the role of the General Assembly, transparency and accountability in the relationship between one of the most important organs of the United Nations, namely the General Assembly and the Security Council..

Some countries cited the example of the veto in December, when the UN Security Council failed to adopt a draft resolution on climate and security due to Russia’s use of this right..

Some countries have warned that the abuse of the veto by some of the five permanent members in many cases contributed to undermining the credibility of the decision-making process in the Security Council, and in some cases led to the Security Council’s inability to carry out its responsibilities, which may generate a state of frustration. the peoples of the international community as a result of its failure to take the necessary measures to maintain international peace and security.

The text was circulated on March 3, made public on April 12, and discussed in open debate among all concerned countries on April 19..