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We will use the Montreux Convention to prevent escalation in Ukraine

We will use the Montreux Convention to prevent escalation in Ukraine

In light of the continuing Russian attack on Ukraine, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced today, Monday, that his country supports Ukraine sovereignty On its entire consolidated territory.

He said that his country is committed to using its powers under Montreux Convention With regard to the movement of ships in the straits in a way that prevents the escalation of the crisis, according to what Al-Arabiya correspondent reported.

He also added, “We will not compromise our national interests, taking into account regional and global balances,” noting that Ankara will continue uninterruptedly its multidimensional diplomatic initiatives in order to ensure peace and stability between Russia and Ukraine.

agreement terms

Yesterday, Sunday, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu told a local channel: “We will transparently implement all the provisions of the Montreux Convention on Maritime Straits,” which dates back to 1936 in Switzerland.

According to the terms of this agreement, Ankara allows the ships and warships of the landlocked countries in the Black Sea during peacetime to pass freely through its straits (the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits leading to the Black Sea), but the warships of the landlocked countries cannot stay in the Black Sea for more than 21 days.

Ankara can also prevent civilian and commercial ships and ships from passing through its straits if it is a warring party, but in times of peace it allows the passage of these ships and ships.

A Russian Navy patrol ship sails through the Bosphorus strait on its way to the Black Sea (Reuters Archive)

Closure of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits

Yesterday, Saturday, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky renewed his country’s call for Turkey to close the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits to Russian warships, but Turkish sources denied Ankara’s ban on Russian ships.

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Meanwhile, the Turkish President told his Ukrainian counterpart Zelensky, on Saturday, that Ankara was making efforts to reach a truce as soon as possible, following the military operation launched by Russia in Ukraine earlier this week.

The military operation launched by Russia last Thursday comes after weeks of tension and the Russian military build-up on the Ukrainian border, and days after Russian President Putin announced his decision to recognize the sovereignty of the separatist Donetsk and Lugansk regions in eastern Ukraine.