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What is the term weather science called? The weather is called meteorology, which is one of the important sciences because through that science we can know the weather and weather conditions throughout the week. This science studies the atmosphere through which we can determine the weather for the coming days and take the necessary precautions in the summer Or winter, here we will talk about what the term weather science is called?
What is the term weather science called?
- Meteorology is called meteorology. This science means the science of higher things or the science of the study of the atmosphere. Meteorology now includes many disciplines that study the upper layers of the atmosphere and the layers of the atmosphere to know weather conditions.
- And the word meteorology is a word that means tall, so this science was inferred by this name, and studies and research in meteorology began.
- The nineteenth century witnessed a great development in the knowledge of meteorology to know the state of the weather, especially after the development of the electronic computer. Aristotle was the founder of meteorology and the first to write a book on meteorology.
types of meteorology
Meteorology or metrology is divided into the following sciences:
- Climatology and Atmospheric Physics.
- Atmospheric chemistry.
- Atmospheric thermodynamics.
- Minor domains of marine sciences.
Origin and development of meteorology
- The creation of meteorology is credited to the Roman scientist Aristotle, who wrote the Book of Meteorology in 350 BC. This book deals with meteorology and the study of various weather phenomena and the impact of these weather phenomena on human, plant and animal life.
- The geographer “Theophrastus” contributed to the development of meteorology by authoring a book entitled “Trends” in which he described weather forecasts and knowledge of meteorology.
- After that, the Roman scientist “Benius Mela” drew chronological maps of many geographical areas on the Earth’s surface, as he divided the surfaces on the Earth’s surface into hot and medium.
- The Greek historian Herodotus described a book called “The History of Weather and Monsoons” written in 440 BC.
- The Canadian Muslim naturalist then described a nineteenth-century treatise entitled The Treatise on the Cause of Tides.
- The Muslim botanist had a great role in the development of meteorology after he explained the relationship between the cultivation of some plants and the effect of weather on them, which helped establish the first meteorological network in 1654 AD.
- In 1832 AD, the first electromagnetic lightning device was discovered in that period, and this machine helped in all the data related to surface weather observations.
- In 1849, weather monitoring networks spread in Europe at the beginning of the nineteenth century, which saw a great development in weather monitoring networks.
Meteorology and weather sciences are divided into the following sections:
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It is the science that is concerned with the study of all weather conditions prevailing in this period.
2- Atmospheric Physics
It is the science that deals with the practical applications of atmospheric physics.
3- Atmospheric Chemistry
It is the science that studies the chemistry of the Earth and other planets in the atmosphere.
4- Synoptic applications
It is the science that studies future predictions of weather, climate and atmosphere
It is a secondary science in meteorology concerned with the study of future forecasts of weather and climate.
5- Atmospheric thermodynamics
This science is concerned with the study of the effect of temperature on weather processes.
The importance of studying meteorology
The importance of studying meteorology lies in the following:
- This science has helped protect the lives of many people from the dangers that may be caused by natural disasters by taking precautions beforehand.
- Knowing the weather greatly helps in stabilizing planes and canceling flights in case of unstable weather in order to save lives.
- Ensuring maritime safety and stopping the take-off of ships and ships in case of deteriorating weather conditions, in order to save lives.
- Protect crops and enhance agricultural production, because the weather has a lot to do with the types of crops suitable for each weather period.
- Knowing the weather protects people from dangers caused by extreme weather conditions.
- Knowing the weather helps locate urban facilities such as ports, airports, etc.
- Knowing the weather helps to invest the resources of the agricultural environment and contribute to the generation of energy.
- Warning of reduced visibility that occurs in the event of frost or rain.
- Weather scientists warn of severe heat waves or high humidity.
- Meteorologists warn of high waves or exposure to tides and the movement of ships and fishermen.
Weather is divided into the following elements:
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Temperatures are defined as the atmospheric degrees that the sun’s rays gain, as the atmosphere absorbs more than 19% of the sun’s rays to heat the air in this region.
2- atmospheric pressure
It is the force required to push the air, because the hot air rises in the upper layers of the atmosphere, and the cold air is in the lower layers, causing the atmospheric pressure that results in dips and rises.
3- the wind
It is the air that moves in higher regions of the atmospheric air, as it moves from a region of low pressure in which the wind speed increases to the difference between the two regions.
It is the amount of water vapor in the air that rises by evaporation of large bodies of water such as seas, oceans, and rivers.
Research was conducted on the composition of the atmosphere
Many researches have been carried out in the field of atmosphere, including:
- The scientist Blaise Pascal discovered that there is an inverse relationship between atmospheric pressure and height above sea level, and this appeared in a paper he presented in 1648 AD.
- In 1738, Daniel Bernoulli published his famous book on the motion of fluids, which began the kinetic theory of gases, and laid down the basic laws of gas theory.
- Joseph Black discovered in 1761 AD that ice absorbs heat at a constant temperature during melting.
- Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford, who named it after burning air in 1772 AD, and developed the phage theory.
- Antoine Lavoisier discovered oxygen and refuted the combustible matter theory in 1777 AD.
- Sir John Wesley noticed that a black surface radiated heat more effectively than a polished surface, indicating the importance of blackbody radiation in 1804 AD.
- John Dalton defended the theory of heat flow in a new chemical system, describing how chemistry relates to other substances, especially gases, and postulating that the heat capacity of gases varies inversely with their atomic weight in 1808 CE.
- Saadi Karnot analyzed the efficiency of steam engines using thermodynamic theory, in which he introduced the concept of the reverse process, and the hypothesis that this thing does not exist in nature, and thus laid the foundation for the second law of thermodynamics in 1824 AD. .
In this topic, we talked about what the term weather science is called?, and we got acquainted with all the minute details related to the weather, and we got to know the meaning of weather science and we talked about the importance of weather and the way to know the weather through the atmosphere.
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