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Why did the Afghan army collapse in front of the Taliban militants?

Why did the Afghan army collapse in front of the Taliban militants?


Posted in: Sunday, August 15, 2021 – 1:32 PM | Last update: Sunday, August 15, 2021 – 1:32 PM

With the accelerating progress of the Taliban militants at the expense of the Afghan army forces, one question dominates the majority of followers of the Afghan issue: How did about 60,000 Taliban fighters, with conventional weapons and without proper training in modern warfare methods, defeat more than a quarter of a million soldiers in the Afghan army Equipped with all kinds of modern weapons, including the air force, and receiving exceptional international aid?

The Inspection Commission for the Reconstruction of Afghanistan (SIGAR) published a detailed report on the true reality of the Afghan army, in which it questioned the reality of the external image in which this army appears – according to the Sky News Arabia news website.

The report said that, over the past years, the main leaders in the army have been behaving as “warlords,” noting that they “consider the army as a major institution to obtain spoils, and through it they build networks of benefits and favoritism, through family and regional circles, that lack the spirit of a coherent and organized military doctrine.” “.

The report explained how “this type of non-ideological and undisciplined hierarchy contributes to the disintegration and desertion of the elements of the army even before entering the battles against the Taliban fighters.

Quite the contrary, the Counter-Terrorism Center, a think-tank and advisory institution within the US Military Academy, published an analysis of the actual number of Taliban fighters, stating that it does not exceed only 60,000.

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However, according to the center, the movement managed to conclude dozens of agreements with the Afghan civil forces, including clans, district leaders, and local community dignitaries in many areas, who monitored thousands of fighters for the movement, whose interests converged with those of them.

According to the calculations of the American Center, the actual number of the movement’s fighters and its supporters is 200,000 fighters in different areas, and therefore the movement’s fighters are more knowledgeable and experienced in the geographical and demographic areas in the places of battle in which they are deployed.

But the Afghan researcher, Jawhar Talabi, returns the answer to the question to the quantity and quality of the enormous weapons that the movement appears to possess.

In an interview with “Sky News Arabia”, Talbi explained: “There are huge quantities of weapons in the hands of the movement, of all kinds. Simply, it is possible to notice modern American weapons in the hands of the movement’s fighters, which they obtained from the stores of the Afghan army.”

He continued, “In addition, they have other weapons stored since the Soviet occupation in the 1980s, along with Iranian and Pakistani weapons, so that one feels that the Taliban fighters are submerging in a sea of ​​weapons.”

Talbi added: “These weapons were used with great intensity during the battles. When the movement surrounded cities and towns, it rained a heavy barrage of fire, and many times it lasted for days, without any sense of responsibility towards civilians or infrastructure, in contrast to the caution it was dealing with. government forces.”

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The Afghan researcher considered that this intensity of fire was “pushing the army elements to flee and leaving the civilians in the face of the movement’s fighters.”

Talbi also noted the “political role” in this defeat, recalling that “during the past three years, Afghan political leaders appeared to have lost any ability to present a national project to build a state and government in Afghanistan, in the post-US withdrawal stage.”

And he added: “At that time the Taliban movement was promoting its propaganda that spoke of national and religious discourse and the liberation of the country, so a not small part of Afghan society, especially the more rural and less educated classes, had mixed feelings in support of the movement and belief in its slogans, which is something that the movement used extensively. “.